TOP       Evaluation       Attendance       Instructor Information

ENG 330: Literature of the Bible, Melvin J. Hoffman, Spring 2008. 

1:00    Bible Versions either Required for Course or Recommended for 
        Comparison

1.10    Students must use one of 3 versions below. To compare, 
        students are invited, not required, to use versions under 
1.20, 1.40, or 1.30--as well as-but NOT INSTEAD OF 1 of the 3 
versions below:

Assignments and Questions are Keyed to these 3 Versions Only:

The Revised Standard Version with Apocrypha*     (RSV) 
The New Revised Standard Version with Apocrypha* (NSRV)
The Revised English Bible with Apocrypha*        (REB)

1.11     Questions are based on & keyed to only these 3 versions, 
         i.e. questions assume these 3 versions' verse numbers, 
person & place names, translation choices, etc. & the presence of 
all books discussed (Assignment I. is an exception as I provide 
an old public-domain version in the syllabus.)

1.12     If you answer incorrectly because you are not using an 
         approved version, the error will be considered an error 
in following instructions and will still count against you. Put 
another way, statements such as " My version does not have that 
book.", "My version does not use that name.", or "My version has 
different verse numberings." will not be considered valid excuses.

1.20     The next 3 versions lack only 3 books of the Vulgate, 2 
         of which have course- assigned portions; otherwise, these 
fine versions would have been added to the 3 versions in section 
1.10.

The Jerusalem Bible (JB), The New American Bible (NAB), 
The New Jerusalem Bible (NJB).

1.30     These versions, which have editions both with and without 
         the Apocrypha, are fine translations but are inconvenient 
for this course.

The New English Bible (NEB) makes identification of individual  
verses difficult or impossible for reference purposes.

The Good News Bible/Today's English Version (TEV) regularizes 
different names for people and objects to one; and--in many places
--adds non-original interpretive words for clarity. (Note: all 
versions augment, but this version's rampant use makes it 
problematic for the course.)

1.40     These excellent versions are excluded only for lack of 
         books. The 1st. two lack editions with an Apocrypha*; 
the last lacks both Apocrypha* & Greek Christian (New Testament) 
Scriptures.

The New American Standard Version (ASV)		
The New International Version (NIV)
The Tanakh (TNK), JPS 1984 [Hardcover Only]

1.50     Using Versions (below) is discouraged either/both as many 
         words in them have altered/lost original English meanings 
and/or as their translators lacked recent archaeological & textual 
evidence.

The King James Version (KJV)	
The Douay-Rheims Version of the Vulgate (D-R) 
The Holy Scriptures [1917] (THS)

1.60     Reference Sources:

Examples are on the Syllabus' last 2 Pages. Students should 
know library, or other sites, for Biblical Atlases & Dictionaries, 
Commentaries, Concordances, Sources, & Theological Dictionaries.

2:00    Terms and Texts:

2.11    Terms for Scriptures

Many scripture terms depend on denomination,e.g. "Old Testament," 
is "old" for Christians, but not for Jews. Consequently, for 
objectivity, scripture terms used by the instructor in class and 
in syllabi combine the original intended audience's religion with 
the language in which they are written. ( Those with NRSV cf. pp. 
vi.  vii.)

2.12	Hebrew and Aramaic Scriptures:

The earliest literature is termed Jewish Hebrew and Aramaic 
Scriptures. They are canonical for the most familiar Jewish 
groups and for all Christians of whom I am aware. Some Jews use 
a Hebrew acronym, TaNaKh, for this literature. It forms the 
entire Old Testament for Protestants and Part of the Old 
Testament for Roman, Orthodox, and Oriental Catholic churches.

2.13     The Aramaic Portion:

Aramaic/Chaldee/Syriac words & influences occur in some Psalms, 
Ezekiel, Esther, Job, Jonah, Songs and elsewhere, but certain 
examples are: 2 letters in Ezra, 4.8-6.18 and 7.12-26; one 
narrative in and about Daniel, 2.4b-7.28; 1 verse in Jeremiah, 
10.11; and  2 words in Genesis, 31.47.

2.14     Jewish Greek Scriptures:

Books--for Protestants, Apocryphal, and for Roman Catholics (3 
books excepted) Deutero-Canonical--are called "Jewish Greek 
Scriptures" in this course. No Jewish group put them in the 
canon. They occur in 2 text families: Western & Eastern. The 
Latin Vulgate/Biblia Sacra has a Western book whose original 
Greek is lost: 2nd/4th Esdras. Eastern texts have the Western 
list minus 2nd/4th Esdras plus the Psalms of Solomon, the Odes, 
the 151st. Psalm and 3rd & 4th Maccabees. Protestants term them 
Apocryphal books, or term the whole Western Text: the Apocrypha. 
Roman Catholics put the Western books in a "2nd.” recognized 
canon, Duetero”-canonical, with 3 exceptions: 1st/3rd Esdras, 
2nd/4th Esdras and the Prayer of Manasseh, appended in Latin, 
but not, vernacular versions. Greek Orthodoxy puts the Eastern 
Text in the canon except the Psalms of Solomon & the Odes, but 
appends 4th Maccabees. Russian Orthodoxy puts the Eastern Text 
in the canon except the Psalms of Solomon, the Odes & 4th 
Maccabees. 

2.15     Christian Greek Scriptures:

Not canonical for Jews, They are canonical for almost all 
Christians. An exception is the Syrian Orthodox Church which 
excludes 2nd and 3rd  John, 2nd  Peter, Jude and Revelations.

2.16     Textual Terms:

Global terms like "Western" and "Eastern" texts simplify 
complex circumstances with mixes of and alternatives among, 
original sources'; various versions reflecting original-
language sources, preserved in other ancient languages; and 
scholarly standardized, annotated, and edited texts and/or 
reconstructions of original sources--topics, too narrow and 
specialized for this course's general scope.

2.17     Uses of Non-Canonical Scriptures:

Besides mandatory or optional inclusion in appendices, 
various denominations have non-canonical scripture uses. 
For example, Anglicans use Apocryphal works in Lectionaries 
and in Liturgy. Likewise, the Orthodox use Odes in Liturgy.

3.00     Evaluation                                    TOP

3.10     Methods:

There are no tests or term papers but 13 multiple-choice 
tests of 22 questions, and a 14th. multiple-choice test of 
44 questions as a final. Students may use class and reading 
notes and books during tests. Sharing notes or conversation 
is not allowed.  (You get questions ahead of time in this 
syllabus; multiple-choice answer sheets only are handed out 
on the day of the test.) LECTURES DO NOT TEACH TEXTS but 
provide background for "literary" interpretation of  texts.

3.20     Final Grade Determination:

The total raw score possible is 330 pts. (13 x 22 = 286)
+(1 x 44 = 44). From the 13, not 14th. tests, the lowest 
4 drop for an adjusted score: 242 points (9 x 22 = 198)
+(1 x 44). The adjusted score x 3/7, fractions rounded 
off, gives a semi-final maximum possible score: 104 from 
which each class-hour absence over 6 causes a 1 point 
deduction. (see below.) I decide student grades from 
final scores curved against all others in the course. 
Where no natural gaps occur, typical attendance and 
participation--of any student group sharing a point 
total--affect boundary decisions.

3.30     Attendance Policy:                  TOP

Attendance starts after adjustment day. I deduct 1 point 
for each class-hour absence above 6. (See Table Below) 
EXCUSED & UNEXCUSED ABSENCES ARE NOT DISTINGUISHED. 
Though absences may not be your fault, innocence does not 
equal attendance. Six class-hour absences are allowed to 
cover advisement, registration and work conflicts; court 
appearances; family crises; field and team-away trips; 
funerals; illnesses; jury military duty; religious 
holidays, vehicular failure,  weather delays etc. 6 class-
hour absences are more than 10% of the semester's meetings. 

After add day, I pass out an attendance sheet at the start 
(and sometimes, without prior notice, at the end) of class. 
Prenotified departures, may, or may not, result in deduc-
tions--depending upon time lost. Unannounced departures 
(leaving class early without telling me in advance) receive 
penalties listed in the description below.

Number of Unpenalized Absences:                         6
Points lost for each absence beyond the above:          1
Unannounced Departure Penalty:                          2/3
(Final Scores with Fractions will be Rounded off.)

3.40     Test Limitations:

No late or make-up test may be taken after discussing test 
answers in class. Therefore, if students know that they 
will be absent in advance, they should arrange to take the 
test earlier.

3.50  Student Awareness of Progress:                                                       

      My gradebook scores are available, during the semester, 
for students to check their relative standings. This may be 
done--time permitting--just before or after class, or during 
my regularly scheduled office hour. Students unaware of their 
progress will only have themselves to blame. Student names
will be covered by me during the comparison to comply with 
federal and state privacy laws. Students seeking their stand-
ing will have only their own lines identified by name.                                                    

3.60     Instructor Information                  TOP  

Dpt. Xtt.:    5416/7; 
Dpt. Fax: 878-5700.

E-mail 
Webpage

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4.00     Schedule of Assignments for Spring 2008

CALENDAR: ALL EXAMS ARE ON MONDAYS EXCEPT THE 
WEDNESDAY AFTER PRESIDENTS' DAY FEB. 20, AND 
THE FINAL, DUE ON WHATEVER DAY THE CEP IS HELD.

JAN.

W       23
F       25

M       28      1
W       30

FEB.

F        1

M        4      2
W        6
F        8

M       11      3
W       13
F       15

W       20      4
F       22

M       25      5
W       27
F       29

MARCH

M        3      6
W        5
F        7

M       10      7
W       12
F       14

M       17      8
W       19
F       21

M       31      9

APRIL

W        2
F        4

M        7     10
W        9
F       11

M       14     11
W       16	
F       18

M       21     12
F       23

M       28     13
W       30

CEP            14 & 15

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5.00     Identification of Biblical Genres 
         and Topics Studied and Tested.

GENRES:	
	
1.       Infancy Narratives		
2.       Wisdom Literature	
3.       Heroic Literature
4.       Literature of Theophany	
5.       Miracle/Sign Literature

ROLES:	
		
6.       Judges	
7.       Kings		
8.       Priests	
9.       Prophets

OTHER GENRES:	

10.      Prophetic, Apocalyptic & Eschatological Literature 

PLACES:			

11.      Shrines/Temples

MORE GENRES:
	
12.      Code and Covenant Literature,	
13.      Lyric Literature

PRACTICES:		

14.      1st. Fruits, Human Sacrifice, Holy War

6.00     Miscellaneous Notes:

6.10     Numbering of Chapters and Verses:

Letter abbreviations refer to books

Numbers before periods refer either to book chapters or to specific 
         numbers in serially numbered collections like the Psalms 
         or Proverbs.

Numbers after a period refer to the verse(s).

Small-case letters following verse numbers refer to analytical  
         subdivisions of verses made by your instructor or others 
         which will not be found in any of your versions.

6.20     Explanation of the "Most Correct Answer":

"Most correct" means the answer best characterizing the common 
theme, concern, person, role, institution etc. among a set of 
verses, not what is most frequent among a question's verses.

6.30     Course Objectives:

Students will learn about the Bible from the standpoint of a 
         literary anthology.
Students will learn basic historical, literary, cultural, 
         linguistic and other contexts as background for 
         Biblical study.
Students will learn how varied the literatures that make up the  
         Bible are in terms of genres, styles, themes and authors.

6.40     Behavior:

Behavior conveying disrespect or rudeness toward anyone based on 
age, race, religion, color, national origin, gender, sexual ori-
entation, disability, or marital, veteran or socioeconomic status 
as well as other behavior-in the instructor's opinion-disruptive 
to the educational process may result in the instructor's having 
such a student removed from the classroom and in charges brought 
against such a student pursuant to Buffalo State College's Pro-
cedure Regarding Disruptive Individuals.

6.50     Consideration of Disability

If you have or suspect that you have a disability 
that requires any kind of accommodation to fulfill 
this course's requirements, please contact the Of-
fice of Special Services for Students with Disa-
bilities at 878-4500.

7.00     The Assignments:

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7.01     Assignment One: INFANCY NARRATIVE LITERATURE:

Questions 1-22 have one question with 22 different answers: 
"The same row's verses all share what common factor?" To 
simplify your work, I have excerpted from the 1901 American 
Standard Version (an old public-domain version) so you 
don't have to look up verses. At first, this chart's format 
looks difficult, but eases with practice. Excerpts largely 
cite the original; minor editing corrects or shortens text, 
or treats a religious sensibility (e.g. replacing vocalized 
Tetragrammatons with "the Lord.") The 2nd.-19th. assignments 
have no excerpts provided; you are on your own then.

Experts differ on Infancy-Narrative definition and schema. 
The next page's schema is a, not the, system. Comparative-
religion experts may go beyond "Biblical" and compare with 
other scriptures' early lives of Manu, Zoroaster/Zarathustra, 
Gotuma Buddha/Siddartha etc. (Even within Biblical infancy-
narrative study, people differ on legitimacy of using 
narratives from the Jewish Midrash, the Pseudepigrapha, or 
Christian [New Testament] Apocrypha etc.)

SECTION 1

ISHMAEL          Genesis 16.1 & 3b-4a.
ISAAC            Genesis 11.27b, 29b & 30.
SAMSON           Judges 13.2.
SAMUEL           1 Samuel 1.1a & 2a & c.
JOHN             Luke 1.5b & 7.
JESUS            Luke 1.27.
JESUS            Matthew  No Entry.

SECTION 2

ISHMAEL          Genesis 16.7a. 
ISAAC            Genesis 15. 1a, 17.1a & 18.1a. 
SAMSON           Judges 13.3a.	
SAMUEL           1 Samuel 1.10 & 13a. 
JOHN             Luke 1.11a. 
JESUS            Luke 1.26a. 
JESUS            Matthew 1.20b. 

SECTION 3

ISHMAEL          Genesis 16.13.
ISAAC            Genesis 18.2b. 
SAMSON           Judges 13. 20 & 22b.
SAMUEL           1 Samuel 1.19. 
JOHN             Luke 1.12. 
JESUS            Luke 1.29a. 
JESUS            Matthew  No entry.

Question Number 4

ISHMAEL          Genesis 16.8a. 	
ISAAC            Genesis 15.1c & 17.5a. 
SAMSON           Judges  No Entry.	
SAMUEL           1 Samuel  No Entry.
JOHN             Luke 1.13c. 
JESUS            Luke 1.30c. 	
JESUS            Matthew  No Entry. 

Question Number 5

ISHMAEL          Genesis 16.8b. 	
ISAAC            Genesis 17. 5b & 17.15b.
SAMSON           Judges  No Entry.	
SAMUEL           1 Samuel  No Entry.	
JOHN             Luke (John)  No Entry.
JESUS            Luke 1.28. 
JESUS            Matthew  No Entry.

Question Number 6

ISHMAEL          Genesis No Entry.	
ISAAC            Genesis 15.1. 
SAMSON           Judges 13.23b.
SAMUEL           1 Samuel  No Entry.			
JOHN             Luke 1.13b. 
JESUS            Luke 1.30b. 	
JESUS            Matthew 1.20e.	

Question Number 7

ISHMAEL          Genesis 16.11b.		
ISAAC            Genesis 17.16a, c.	
SAMSON           Judges 13.3b & 5b. 	
SAMUEL           1 Samuel 1.11a.
JOHN             Luke 1.13d.	
JESUS            Luke 1.31a.	
JESUS            Matthew 1.20f.	

Question Number 8

ISHMAEL          Genesis 16.11c.	
ISAAC            Genesis  15.4a, 17.16b, 17.19b, 18.10  & 18.14b.
SAMSON           Judges 13.3c & 5a. 
SAMUEL           1 Samuel 1.11b.	
JOHN             Luke 1.13b.	
JESUS            Luke 1.31b.	
JESUS            Matthew 1.21a.	

Question Number 9

ISHMAEL          Genesis 16.11d.	
ISAAC            Genesis 17.19c.	
SAMSON           Judges  No Entry. 
SAMUEL           1 Samuel  No Entry.
JOHN             Luke 1.13f.			
JESUS            Luke 1.31c. 	
JESUS            Matthew 1.21b. 	

Question Number 10

ISHMAEL          Genesis 16.11e.	
ISAAC            Genesis 17.17b; 18.12a, 13 & 15.                                          
SAMSON           Judges  No Entry.  
SAMUEL           1 Samuel 1.20c.	
JOHN             Luke No Entry.	
JESUS            Luke No Entry. 
JESUS            Matthew 1.21c.	

Question Number 11

ISHMAEL          Genesis 16.9.	
ISAAC            Genesis  No Entry. 
SAMSON           Judges 13.4a 5b & 7b.    
SAMUEL           1 Samuel 1.11c.
JOHN             Luke 1.15b.	
JESUS            Luke No Entry.	
JESUS            Matthew  No Entry

Question Number 12

ISHMAEL          Genesis 17.20a.
ISAAC            Genesis 17. 19c & 21.
SAMSON           Judges 13.5c.	
SAMUEL           1 Samuel 2.35.    
JOHN             Luke 1.15a & c, 16 and 17.      
JESUS            Luke 1.32 & 33.
JESUS            Matthew 1.21c.	

Question Number 13

ISHMAEL          Genesis No Entry.
ISAAC            Genesis 17.17b & 18.12b.
SAMSON           Judges 13.8b 17b.
SAMUEL           1 Samuel  No Entry. 
JOHN             Luke 1.18b. 
JESUS            Luke 1.34b.  
JESUS            Matthew  No Entry.

Question Number 14

ISHMAEL          Genesis No Entry. 
ISAAC            Genesis 18.14.
SAMSON           Judges 13.20a.
SAMUEL           1 Samuel No Entry.
JOHN             Matthew  No Entry.
JESUS            Luke 1.20 & 64. 
JESUS            Luke 1.36-7.

Question Number 15

ISHMAEL          Genesis 16.15a.  
ISAAC            Genesis 21.2a.
SAMSON           Judges 13.24a.  
SAMUEL           1 Samuel 1.20a. 
JOHN             Luke 1.57. 
JESUS            Luke 2.7.
JESUS            Matthew 1.25a.  	

Question Number 16

ISHMAEL          Genesis 16.15b. 
ISAAC            Genesis 21.3. 
SAMSON           Judges 13.24b.  
SAMUEL           1 Samuel 1.20b. 
JOHN             Luke 1.60b & 63b. 
JESUS            Luke 2.21. 
JESUS            Matthew 1.25b.  

Question Number 17: 

ISHMAEL          Genesis 17.9-13 & 23-27 
ISAAC            Genesis 22.2 & 13b 
SAMSON           Judges 13.19a 
SAMUEL           1 Samuel 1.24-25 
JOHN             Luke 1.9b  
JESUS            Luke 2.24 
JESUS            Matthew  No Entry

Question Number 18

ISHMAEL          Genesis No Entry.
ISAAC            Genesis No Entry.
SAMSON           Judges  No Entry.
SAMUEL           1 Samuel 2.1a-10. 
JOHN             Luke 1.68-75. 
JESUS            Luke 1.46-55. 
JESUS            Matthew  No Entry.

Question Number 19

ISHMAEL          Genesis  16.12. 
ISAAC            Genesis No Entry.  
SAMSON           Judges No Entry.   
SAMUEL           1 Samuel No Entry.
JOHN             Luke 1.76-79. 
JESUS            Luke 2.29-32 & 34b-35. 
JESUS            Matthew No Entry.

Question Number 20

ISHMAEL          Genesis 21.20a.  
ISAAC            Genesis 21.8. 
SAMSON           Judges 13.24c. 
SAMUEL           1 Samuel 2.21b & 3.19. 
JOHN             Luke 1.80a.  
JESUS            Luke 2.40a.  
JESUS            Matthew  No Entry.

Question Number 21

ISHMAEL          Genesis No Entry.
ISAAC            Genesis No Entry.	
SAMSON           Judges No Entry. 
SAMUEL           1 Samuel 2.26. 
JOHN             Luke No Entry
JESUS            Luke 2.40b & 2.52. 
JESUS            Matthew No Entry.

Question Number 22

ISHMAEL          Genesis No Entry. 
ISAAC            Genesis No Entry. 
SAMSON           Judges 13.25c. 
SAMUEL           1 Samuel No Entry.		
JOHN             Luke No Entry.
JESUS            Luke 1.80b. 	
JESUS            Matthew No Entry.
        
----------------- 
Question Number 1
-----------------

Genesis 16.1 & 3b-4a.

Now Sarai, Abram's wife, bare him no children: and she had an 
handmaid, an Egyptian  whose name was Hagar ... And Sarai, 
Abram's wife, took Hagar the Egyptian, her handmaid, and gave 
her to Abraham her husband as a wife. And he went in unto 
Hagar and she conceived ...

Genesis 11.27b, 29b & 30

Terah begat Abram ... Abram's wife was Sarai ... And Sarai 
was barren; she had no child.

Judges 13.2.

And there was a certain man  of Zorah, of the family of the 
Danites, whose name was Manoah; and his wife was barren, and 
bare not

1 Samuel 1.1a & 2a & c

There was a certain man of Ramathaim-zophim of the hill country 
of Ephraim, and his name was Elkanah ... he had two wives; the 
name of the one was Hannah  ... but Hannah had no children.

Luke 1.5b & 7

There was ... a certain priest named Zecharias, of the course 
of Abijah: and he had a wife of the daughters of Aaron, and her 
name was Elizabeth ... they had no child, because that Elizabeth 
was barren, and they both were now well stricken in years.

Luke 1.27

... to a virgin betrothed to a man whose name was Joseph, of the 
house of David; and the virgin's name was Mary

Matthew  No Entry

-----------------
Question Number 2
-----------------

Genesis 16.7a: ... the angel of the Lord found her by a fountain 
of water in the wilderness.

Genesis 15. 1a, 17.1a & 18.1a 

After these things the word of the Lord came unto Abram in a 
vision ...  When Abram was ninety years old and nine, the Lord 
appeared to Abram ... And the Lord appeared  unto him.

Judges 13.3a:	And the Angel of the Lord appeared unto the 
woman and said unto her ...

1 Samuel 1.10 & 13a 

... she was in bitterness of and prayed unto the Lord ... Now 
Hannah, she spake in her heart; only her lips moved, but her 
voice was not heard:

Luke 1.11a: And there appeared unto him an angel of the Lord.

Luke 1.26a: ... in the sixth month the angel Gabriel was sent 
from God ...

Matthew 1.20b: ... an angel of the Lord appeared unto him 
in a dream ...

-----------------
Question Number 3
-----------------

Genesis 16.13

And she called the name of the Lord that spake unto her, Thou 
art a God that seeth: for she said, have I even here looked 
after him that seeth me(and remained alive)?

Genesis 18.2b: ... he ... bowed himself to the earth, ...

Judges 13. 20 & 22b

...; and  they fell  on their faces  to the ground ... 
We shall surely die, because we have seen God.

1 Samuel 1.19: ... they rose up in the morning early, and 
worshipped (bowed) before the Lord ...

Luke 1.12: And Zecharias was troubled when he saw him, 
(the angel) and fear fell upon him.

Luke 1.29a: But she was greatly troubled at the saying ...		

Matthew  No entry

-----------------
Question Number 4
-----------------

Genesis 16.8ª: ... Hagar  ... 	Genesis 15.1c & 17.5ª: 
                                ... Abram ... Abram ...

Judges  No Entry		1 Samuel  No Entry

Luke 1.13c: ... Zecharias ...	Luke 1.30c: ... Mary ... 	

Matthew  No Entry 

----------------- 
Question Number 5
-----------------

Genesis 16.8b: ... Sarai's handmaid ...		

Genesis 17. 5b & 17.15b
... thy name shall be Abraham;  ... As for Sarai thy wife, 
though shalt not call her name Sarai, but Sarah shall her 
name be.

Judges  No Entry	1 Samuel  No Entry	

Luke (John)  No Entry 

Luke 1.28: ... thou that art highly favored ...

Matthew  No Entry

-----------------
Question Number 6
-----------------

Genesis (Ishmael)  No Entry	

Genesis (Isaac) 15.1: ... Fear not, Abram ...

Judges 13.23b

... If the LORD were pleased to kill us, he would not have 
received a burnt-offering and a meal-offering at our hand, 
neither would he have showed us all these things, nor would 
at this time have told such things as these.

1 Samuel  No Entry			

Luke 1.13b: ... Fear not Zecharias: ...

Luke 1.30b: ... Fear not Mary: ...	

Matthew 1.20e:	... Fear not ...

-----------------
Question Number 7
-----------------

Genesis 16.11b:		... thou art with child, ...

Genesis 17.16a, c:	I will bless her ... I will bless her ...

Judges 13.3b & 5b: 	
... thou shalt conceive ... thou shalt conceive ...

1 Samuel 1.11a
If thou wilt indeed look on the affliction of thy hand-
maid and remember me  and not forget thy handmaid ...

Luke 1.13d:	... thy supplication is heard ...

Luke 1.31a:	... thou shalt conceive in thy womb ...

Matthew 1.20f:	... for that which is conceived in her 
is borne of the Holy Spirit.

-----------------
Question Number 8
-----------------

Genesis 16.11c:	... shalt bear a son ...

Genesis  15.4a, 17.16b, 17.19b, 18.10  & 18.14b

... he that shall come forth out of thine own bowels 
shall be thy heir ... I will give thee a son of her ...  
Sarah thy wife shall bear thee a son ... and Sarah thy 
wife shall have a son ... and Sarah shall have a son ...

Judges 13.3c & 5a: 
... and bear a son ... and bear a son ...

1 Samuel 1.11b:	
*... wilt give unto thy handmaid a man-child ...

[*Note: Hannah is petitioning in prayer; 
no one is addressing her.]

Luke 1.13b:	
... thy wife Elizabeth shall bear thee a son ...

Luke 1.31b:	
... and bring forth a son ...	

Matthew 1.21a:	
... she shall bring forth a son ...

-----------------
Question Number 9
-----------------

Genesis 16.11d:	... thou shalt call his name Ishmael ...

Genesis 17.19c:	... thou shalt call his name Isaac ...

Judges  No Entry 1 Samuel  No Entry

Luke 1.13f:	... thou shalt call his name John		

Luke 1.31c: 	...  and shalt call his name Jesus ...

Matthew 1.21b: 	... thou shalt call his name Jesus ...

------------------
Question Number 10
------------------

Genesis 16.11e:	
because the Lord hath heard thy affliction

"God hears."  Ishmael   jish  maa' "eel	         יִשְׁמָעאֵל                          
                          --  -  -

    "heard"               shaam a'   	           שָּׁמַע                          
                          --  -  - 

Genesis 17.17b; 18.12a, 13 & 15 

... and laughed  ... And Sarah laughed ... Wherefore did Sarah  
laugh, ...  I laughed  not  ... thou didst laugh.

"He laughed"  Isaac    jiz-  h-aaq	        יִצְחָק                         
                         --  --  -

   "laughed"             z-aah- aq	        צָּחַק                         
                         --  --  -

Judges  No Entry  

1 Samuel 1.20c:	"I have asked him of the Lord."

The root "ask" fits "Saul" perfectly but is given as an 
explanation for the name "Samuel" which does not fit well.
 
"He asked (of God)"  Saul  sh a a " u-  l	  שָּׁאוּל                           
                           --     -     -

   "asked"                 sh a a "  a  l	   שָּׁאַל                         
                           --     -     -
"His Name is/
Name of God"       Samuel  sh mu- " ee  l    שְּׁמוּאֵל                           
                           --     -     -

Luke (John)  No Entry	Luke (Jesus)  No Entry
 
Matthew 1.21c:	... for it is he that shall save 
		his people from their sins.     

"The Lord is Salvation." Joshua     j:ho-  shua '           יְהוֹשֻׁע                                       
                                       --  --   -

"saved, set free, delivered."           jaash a '           יָשַׁע                                        
                                        -  --   -

[Alt. Hebrew & Aramaic]  Jesus        jee  shu-a'          יֵשׁוּעַ                                       
                                       --  --   -  

"salvation"                             j: shu- 'a-       יְשׁוּעָה                                        
                                        -  --   -

The final "h" of (The LORD--jhvh) as well as the first "j" 
of (salvation--j:shu-'a-) are lost in combining the two.

------------------
Question Number 11
------------------

Genesis 16.9:	Return to your mistress, and submit thyself 
under her hands.

Genesis  No Entry 

Judges 13.4a 5b & 7b    

... drink no wine nor strong drink, and eat not any unclean 
thing ... no razor hall come upon his head, for the child shall 
be a Nazirite unto God from the womb; ... drink no wine nor 
strong drink, and eat not any unclean thing, for the child be 
a Nazirite unto God from the womb to the day of his death.

1 Samuel 1.11c

...  I will give him unto the Lord all the days of his life, 
and there shall no razor come upon his head.

Luke 1.15b (John):	... he shall drink no wine 
                        nor strong drink; ...

Luke (Jesus)  No Entry	Matthew  No Entry

------------------
Question Number 12
------------------

Genesis 17.20a

... I have blessed him, and will make him fruitful, and will 
multiplyhim exceedingly; twelve princes shall he beget, and I 
will make him a great nation.

Genesis 17. 19c & 21

... I will establish my covenant for him as an everlasting 
covenant for his seed after him ... my covenant will I 
establish with Isaac ...

Judges 13.5c:	... he shall begin to save Israel out of 
the hand of the Philistines.

1 Samuel 2.35    

... And I will raise me up a faithful priest, that shall do 
according to that which is in my heart and in my mind: and I 
will build him a sure house, and he shall walk before mine 
anointed for ever ...

Luke 1.15a & c, 16 and 17      

... And he will be filled with the Holy Spirit, even from 
his mother's womb. And he will turn many of the sons of 
Israel to the Lord their God, and he will go before him in 
the spirit and power of Elijah, to turn the hearts of the 
fathers to the children, and the disobedient to the wisdom 
of the just, to make ready for the Lord a people prepared.

Luke 1.32 & 33

He shall be great, and shall be called the son of the Most 
High; and the Lord God shall give  unto him  the throne of his 
father David: and he shall reign over the house of Jacob for 
ever; and of his kingdom there shall be no end.

Matthew 1.21c:	... for it is he that shall save his people 
from their sins ...

------------------
Question Number 13
------------------

Genesis (Ishmael)  No Entry

Genesis 17.17b & 18.12b

... Shall a child be born unto him that is a hundred years old? 
and shall Sarah, that is ninety years old,  bear?  ...  After I 
am waxed old shall I have pleasure,  my lord being old also?

Judges 13.8b 17b

... let the man of God  whom thou didst send come again unto 
us, and teach us what we shall do unto the child that shall be 
born. ... What is thy name, that, when thy words come to pass, 
we may do thee honor?

1 Samuel  No Entry 

Luke 1.18b: 

... Whereby  shall I know this?  For I am an old man, and my 
wife well stricken in years.

Luke 1.34b: How shall this be, seeing I know not a man?	 

Matthew  No Entry

------------------
Question Number 14
------------------

Genesis (Ishmael)  No Entry 

Genesis 18.14ª: :... Is anything too hard for the Lord?

Judges 13.20a

For it came to pass when the flame went up toward heaven 
from off the altar, that angel of the Lord ascended in the 
flame of the altar: ...

1 Samuel No Entry	Matthew  No Entry

Luke 1.20 & 64 

And behold, thou shalt be silent and not able to speak 
until the day that these things shall come to pass, because 
thou believedst not my words ...  And his mouth was opened 
immediately and his tongue loosed, and he spake, blessing God.

Luke 1.36-7

And behold, Elisabeth thy kinswoman, she also hath conceived 
a son in her old age and this is the sixth month with her 
that was called barren.

------------------
Question Number 15
------------------

Genesis 16.15a (Ishmael): And Hagar bare Abram a son ...    

Genesis 21.2a (Isaac): 
And Sarah conceived and  bare  Abram  a  son ...

Judges 13.24a (Samson): And  the woman bare a son ...

1 Samuel 1.20a (Samuel)

And it came to pass, when the time was come about, 
that Hannah conceived and bare a son; ...

Luke 1.57 (John)

Now Elisabeth's time was  fulfilled that she could be 
delivered; and she brought forth a son.

Luke 2.7  (Jesus) 
And she brought forth her first-born son; and she wrapped 
him in swaddling clothes, and laid him in a manger, because 
there was no room for them in the inn.

Matthew 1.25a  
(Jesus):	... and knew her not till she had brought 
                forth a son: ...

------------------
Question Number 16
------------------

Genesis 16.15b  (Ishmael): ... and Abram called the name 
of his son, whom Hagar bare, Ishmael ...

Genesis 21.3 (Isaac)

And Abraham called the name of his son that was born unto 
him, whom Sarah bare to him, Isaac.

Judges 13.24b  
(Samson): ... and called his name  Samson:  ...

1 Samuel 1.20b 
(Samuel): and she called his name  Samuel,  ...

Luke 1.60b & 63b 
(John): ...  he  shall be called  John  ... His name is John.

Luke 2.21 (Jesus)

... his name was called Jesus, which was so called by the 
angel before he was conceived in the womb.

Matthew 1.25b (Jesus): ... and he called his name Jesus.

-------------------
Question Number 17: 
-------------------

Genesis 17.9-13 & 23-27 (Ishmael)

And God said unto Abraham, And as for thee, thou shalt keep my 
covenant, thou and thy seed after thee throughout their 
generations. This is my covenant, which ye shall keep, between 
me and you and thy seed after thee: every male among you shall 
be circumcised. And ye shall be circumcised in the flesh of 
your foreskin; and it shall be a token of a covenant betwixt 
me and you. And he that is eight days old shall be circumcised 
among you, every male throughout your generations, he that is 
born in the house, or bought with any money of a foreigner that 
is not of thy seed, He that is born in thy house, and he that 
is bought with thy money, must needs be circumcised: and my 
covenant shall be in your flesh for an everlasting covenant. 
... And Abraham took Ishmael his son and all that were born 
in his house, and all that were bought with his money, every 
male among the men of Abraham's house, and circumcised the 
flesh of their foreskin in the selfsame day, as God had said  
unto him. And Abraham was ninety years old and nine, when he 
was circumcised in the flesh of his foreskin. In the selfsame 
day was Abraham circumcised, and Ishmael his son. And all the 
men of his house, those born in the house, and those bought 
with money of a foreigner, were circumcised with him.

Genesis 22.2 & 13b (Isaac)

And he said, Take now thy son, thine only son, whom thou lovest, 
even Isaac, and get thee into the land of Moriah; and offer him 
there for a burnt-offering upon one of the mountains which I 
will tell thee of. ... and Abraham went and took the ram, and 
offered him up for a burnt-offering in the stead of his son.

Judges 13.19a (Samson)

So Manoah took the kid  with the meal offering and offered it 
upon the rock unto the Lord, ...

1 Samuel 1.24-25 (Samuel)

... she took him up with her, with three bullocks, and one 
ephah of meal, and a bottle of wine, and brought him unto the 
house of the Lord in Shiloh: and the child was young. And they 
slew the bullock, ...

Luke 1.9b (John): ... his lot was to enter into the temple of 
the Lord and burn incense.

Luke 2.24 (Jesus)

And to offer a sacrifice according to that which is said in 
the law of the Lord, a pair of turtle doves, or two young 
pigeons.

Matthew (Jesus)  No Entry

------------------
Question Number 18
------------------

Genesis (Ishmael & Isaac)  No Entries	Judges  (Samson)  No Entry

1 Samuel 2.1a-10 (Samuel)

My heart exulteth in the Lord; My horn is exalted in the Lord; My 
mouth is enlarged over mine enemies; Because I rejoice in thy 
salvation. There is none holy as the Lord; For there is none 
besides thee, Neither is there any rock like our God. Talk no more 
so exceeding proudly; Let not arrogancy come out of your mouth; 
For the Lord is a God of knowledge, And by him actions are weighed. 
The bows of the mighty men are broken; And they that stumbled are 
girded with strength. They that were full have hired out them-
selves for bread; And they that were hungry have ceased to hunger: 
Yea, the barren hath borne seven; And she  that hath many children 
languisheth. The Lord killeth, and maketh alive: He bringeth down 
to Sheol, and bringeth up. The Lord maketh poor, and maketh rich: 
He bringeth low, he also lifteth up. He raiseth up the poor out of 
the dust, He lifteth up the needy from the dunghill, To make them 
sit with princes, And inherit the throne of glory: For the pillars 
of the earth are the Lord's,  And he hath set the world upon them. 
He will keep the feet of his holy ones; But the wicked shall be put 
to silence in darkness; For by strength shall no man prevail. They 
that strive with the Lord shall be broken to pieces; against them 
will he thunder in heaven: the Lord will judge the ends of the 
earth; And he will give strength unto his king, And exalt the horn 
of his anointed.

Luke 1.68-75 (John)

Blessed be the Lord, the God of Israel; For he hath visited and 
wrought redemption for his people, And hath raised up a horn of 
salvation for us In the house of his servant David  (As he spake  
by the mouth of his holy prophets that have been from of old), 
Salvation from our enemies, and from the hand of all that hate us; 
To show mercy towards, our fathers, And to remember his holy 
covenant; The oath which he spake unto Abraham our father, To 
grant unto us that we being delivered out of the hand of our 
enemies Should serve him without fear, In holiness and righteous-
ness before him all our days.

Luke 1.46-55 (Jesus)

And Mary said, My soul doth magnify the Lord, And my spirit hath 
rejoiced in God my Savior. For he hath looked upon the low estate 
of his handmaid: For behold, from henceforth all generations 
shall call me blessed. For he that is mighty hath done to me 
great things; And holy is his name. And his mercy is unto gene-
rations and generations On them that fear him. He hath showed 
strength with his arm; He hath scattered the proud  in the ima-
gination of their heart. He hath put down princes from their 
thrones, And hath exalted them of low degree. The hungry he hath 
filled with good things; And the rich he hath sent 
empty away. He hath given help to Israel his servant, That he 
might remember mercy (As he spake unto our fathers) Toward 
Abraham and his seed for ever.

Matthew  (Jesus)  No Entry

------------------
Question Number 19
------------------

Genesis  16.12 (Ishmael)
And he shall be as a wild ass among men, his hand shall be 
against every man, and every man's hand against him; and he 
shall dwell over against all his brethern.

Genesis (Isaac)  No Entry  Judges (Samson)  No Entry   
1 Samuel (Samuel)  No Entry

Luke 1.76-79 (John)

Yea and thou, child, shalt be called the prophet of the Most 
High: For thou shalt go before the face of the Lord to make 
ready his ways; To give knowledge of salvation unto his people 
In the remission of their sins, Because of the tender mercy of 
our God, Whereby the dayspring from on high shall visit us, To 
shine upon them that sit in darkness and the shadow of death; 
To guide our feet into the way of peace.

Luke 2.29-32 & 34b-35 (Jesus)

Now lettest thou thy servant depart, Lord, According to thy 
word, in peace; For mine eyes have seen thy salvation, Which 
thou hast prepared before the face of all peoples; A light for 
revelation to the Gentiles, And the glory of thy people Israel. 
... Behold, this child is set for the falling and the rising 
of many in Israel; and for a sign which is spoken against; yea
and a sword shall pierce through thine own soul; that thoughts 
out of many hearts may be revealed.

Matthew (Jesus)  No Entry

------------------
Question Number 20
------------------

Genesis 21.20a (Ishmael): And God was with the lad, 
                          and he grew; ...

Genesis 21.8 (Isaac): "And the child grew, and was weaned ...

Judges 13.24c 
(Samson): ... and the child grew, and the Lord blessed him.

1 Samuel 2.21b & 3.19 (Samuel)
... And the child Samuel grew before the Lord ... And 
Samuel  grew, and the Lord was with him ...

Luke 1.80a (John): And the child grew ...

Luke 2.40a  
(Jesus): And the child grew and waxed strong, 
         filled with wisdom: ...

Matthew (Jesus)  No Entry

------------------
Question Number 21
------------------

Genesis (Ishmael & Isaac)  No Entries		

Judges (Samson)  No Entry 

1 Samuel 2.26 (Samuel)

And the child Samuel grew on, and increased in favor both 
with the Lord and also with men.

Luke (John)  No Entry

Luke 2.40b & 2.52 (Jesus)
... and the grace of God was upon him ... And Jesus advanced 
in wisdom and stature, and in favor with God and men.

Matthew (Jesus)  No Entry

------------------
Question Number 22
------------------

Genesis (Ishmael & Isaac)  No Entries  

Judges 13.25c 
(Samson): "And the Spirit of the Lord began to move him ...

1 Samuel (Samuel)  No Entry		

Luke (John)  No Entry

Luke 1.80b (Jesus): ... and waxed in Spirit ...		

Matthew (Jesus)  No Entry

---------------------------------------------------------------------

7.02	Assignment Two: WISDOM LITERATURE 

Although WISDOM material occurs in many other books as portions 
and themes, the following 7 psalms and 6 WHOLE books are classed 
as well-defined WISDOM LITERATURE.

Jewish Hebrew/Aramaic:  Pss. 1, 37, 49, 73, 112, 128 & 133; 
                        Proverbs; Ecclesiastes; Job.
Jewish Greek:           Wisdom of Jesus son of 
                             Sirach/Ecclesiasticus; 
                        Wisdom of Solomon
Christian Greek:        Epistle of James.

The following abbreviations are used for these books.

Psalm(s)--Ps(s).; Proverbs--Prov.; Ecclesiastes--Ecc.; 
Wisdom of Jesus son  of Sirach / Ecclesiasticus--Sir./Eccus.; 
Wisdom of Solomon--Wis.

 1.     What is the common concern of Pss. 1, 112 and 128?

 2.     What major difference in sentiments exists between 
        Pss. 37 and Pss. 49 and 73?

 3      What is a common modern term for a saying like that 
        found in the list below?
        Job 28.28; Ps. 111.10; Prov. 1.7, 9.10, & 15.33; 
        Wis. 6.17; Sir./Eccus 1.14, 19.20 & 21.11

 4.     What do all the  m:shaali-m=  have in common in 
        8-group list below? 

        Ezek. 17.2, 20.49/21.5, 24.3-Allegory
		
        Prov. 1.1 & 6--General Reference

        Deut. 28.37,  1Kgs. 9.7,  2Chron. 7.20,  Job. 17.6, 
        Pss. 44.14/15 & 69.11/12, Numb. 21.27--Didactic Poem

        Jer. 24.9, and Ezek. 14.8--By Word

        1Kgs. 4.32/5.12, Prov. 10.1, 25.1 and 26.7 & 9,
        Ecc. 12.9--Polished Aphorisms

        1Sam. 10.12, 24.13/14, Job 13.12, Ezek.12.22 & 23, 
        16.44 & 18. 2 & 3--Proverbial Saying

        Numb. 23.7, 18 & 24.3, 15, 20, 21, 23; Job 27.1, 
        29.1; Pss. 49.4/5  &  78.2--Discourse

        Isa. 14.4, Mic. 2.4, Hab. 2.6--Taunt

(All above verses contain what the Jewish H/A scriptures have 
identified as m:shaali-m=, translated into English, usually as 
"parables" or "proverbs." Slashes mark different verse numberings 
for the same material which may occur between versions or editions 
of the same version. The abbreviations separated by slashes	
indicate that the book has two names; either or both may occur 
in your edition of your version.)

HEBREW SPELLING OF "m:shaali-m="  מְּשָׁלִים

(Questions 5 - 11 are the same: What do the associated verses 
have in common? Verses under questions 5 & 6 each share a 
format, whereas verses under questions 7 - 11 each share content.)

 5.     Prov. 1.1-1.21, 2.1-8.3, 9.1-9.12, 10.1-24.22, 
        24.27-24.34, 30.5-30.10 & 30.32-31.9.Ecc. 5.1-12, 
        7.9-10, 7.16-18, 7.21-22, 8.2-5, 9.7-10, 10.20-11.2, 
        11.5-6, 11.9-12.6. Sir. / Eccus. 2.1-4.10, 4.20-9.18, 
        10.26-13.13, 14.11-19, 16.1-3, Tobit 4.3-21.16.17-23, 
        18.15-33, 21.1-10, 22.13-15, 22.19-26.

 6.     Prov. 24.23-26, 25.1-26.3, 30.11-31, 31.10-31.; Wis. 
        1-10 all; Ecc. 3.1-8, 7.1-26, 8.1-8, 9.13-10.15, 
        11.3-4, & 7-8. Sir. / Eccus. 10.1-25, 13.15-14.10, 
        16.4-16, 16.24-18.14, 19.1-20.31, 21.11-22.12, 16 
        & 18.

 7.     Job   3.1-20, Prov. 30.1-20. Ecc. 1.1-2.11, 2.17-26, 
        3.19-25, 4.4-15, 5.13-6.7, 9 & 12, 6.9-12, 7.23-8.1,
        9 & 11, 8.14-9.1 & 12.8.

 8.     Job 28 all; Ecc. 2.12-14a, 7.12, 19 & 8.1b; Wis. 
        6 all; Sir. / Eccus. 1 all, 4.11-15.20.

 9.     Ecc. 2.14b-16, 3.18-22, 6.8, 7.13-15, 9.2-3, 5-6, & 11-12.

10.     Ecc. 3.16-17 and 4.1-3.     11.     Ecc. 8.12-13 & 9.1-4.

12.     Characterize the sentiments of the accompanying verses.   
        Job 3.1-26, 7.7-11 & 17-21, 9.14-24 & 28-35, 10.18-19, 
        13.13-19, 13 all, 16.18, 21.7-34, 24.2-12 (cf. Tobit 
        3.1-6).

13.     Characterize the sentiments of the accompanying verses. 
        Job 4.6-8, 8.1-7, 11.3-6 & 13-14, 15.12-16 and 34-35, 
        18.5-21, 20.5-11, 22.1-30 & 36.5-15.

14.     Find a definition of "Personification" in a collegiate 
        or better dictionary.

15.     Identify the persona from the accompanying verses. 
        Prov. 1.22-33, 8.4-36, 9.4-18, and Sir./Eccus. 24.3-22.

16.     What purpose does the persona serve in the verses 
        accompanying question 15? 

(The Hebrew word  h-okhaam= usually translates as "wise." 
Sometimes, other translations occur. Questions 17-22 explore 
alternatives and words similar to "wise")
	
HEBREW SPELLING OF "h-okhaam="  חָכָם

17.     In 2Sam. 13.3, what word in your version occurs instead 
        of "wise."

18.     In Deu. 4.6 (2nd wise-like word), what word in your 
        version pairs with and follows "wise?"

19.     The pair of wise-like words function how?

20.     In Exod. 28.3, 31.6, 35.10 & 25, 36.1, 2 & 8;  1Chron. 
        22.15; 2Chron. 2.7/6, 12/11, & 14/13; Isa. 3.3 &-40.20, 
        and Jer. 9.17/16--what word(s) in your version occur 
        instead of "wise" in some or all of the verses?

21.     Exod. 7.11 & 36.4, Deu. 1.13 & 15, 4.6 & 16.19, 
        2Chron. 2.12/11, Isa. 5.21, 19.11 & 12, 29.14, 31.2, & 
        44.25, Jer. 4.22, 8.8 & 9, 9.12/11, & 23/22, 10.7 & 9, 
        18.8, 50.35 and 51.57 use a word which offer no surprise. 
        What is it?

22.     Obviously, the word h-okhaam= is somewhat broader in 
        range than the English word "wise" What colloquial 
        English words might come closer than "wise?"

---------------------------------------------------------------------

7.03	Assignment Three:: HEROIC LITERATURE

Questions one to eleven are one question with eleven different 
answers: "What do all the verses in the section beneath share?"

Book, chapter, and verse are followed by the name of the 
protagonist in parentheses.

Question Number 1

Genesis 37.1-2b (Joseph); 		 
1 Samuel 17.12-16 (David); 		 
Esther 2.5-6 (Esther); 			 
Daniel 1.1-3 (Daniel); 			 
3 Young Men, No Entry (Daniel);			
Daniel 6.12 (Daniel); 			
Judith 8.1-6 (Judith); 			 
Susannah 1-2a & 3-4 (Susannah); 	
Bel & Dragon 1-2(Daniel); 		
John 1.1-2 (Jesus).			

Question Number 2

Genesis 39.2a-6a (Joseph); 
1 Samuel, No Entry (David); 
Esther, No Entry (Esther); 
Daniel 1.4b (Daniel); 
3 Young Men, No Entry (Daniel);
Daniel 6.3 (Daniel);
Judith 8.29 (Judith);
Susannah, No Entry (Susannah);
Bel & the Dragon, No Entry (Daniel);
John 1.3-4 (Jesus).

Question Number 3			

Genesis 39.6b (Joseph); 		 
1 Samuel, No Entry (David); 		
Esther 2.7 (Esther);			
Daniel 1.4a (Daniel); 			 
3 Young Men, No Entry (Daniel);		
Daniel, No Entry(Daniel); 		
Judith 8.7 (Judith); 			
Susannah 2b (Susannah); 		 
Bel & the Dragon, No Entry(Daniel); 	 
John, No Entry (Jesus).			

Question Number 4

Genesis 39.1, 40.1-23 & 41.1-13 (Joseph); 
1 Samuel 17.17-22 (David);
Esther 2.8 (Esther); 
Daniel 1.5-21 (Daniel); 
3 Young Men 3.1-7 (Daniel);
Daniel, No Entry (Daniel); 
Judith Chapters 1-3 (Judith); 
Susannah, No Entry (Susannah);
Bel & the Dragon 3-27 (Daniel), 
John 1.5-9 (Jesus).

Question Number 5			

Genesis 37.2a-36a, 39.7-20(Joseph); 	
1 Samuel 17.26-45 (David);		 
Esther 2.10, 19 & 4.8 (Esther); 	 
Daniel 2.13-24 (Daniel); 		 
3 Young Men 3.9-15 & 19-24 (Daniel); 	
Daniel 6.4-9 & 11-20 (Daniel);		
Judith 10.9-12.20 (Judith); 		
Susannah, No Entry (Susannah);	        
Bel & the Dragon 28-32 (Daniel);	  
John 1.10-11 (Jesus).			

Question Number 6

Genesis, No Entry (Joseph); 
1 Samuel 17.1-11 (David); 
Esther 3.8-4.8 (Esther);
Daniel 2.1-12 (Daniel); 
3 Young Men 3.8 (Daniel);
Daniel, No Entry (Daniel); 
Judith Chapters 4 & 7 (Judith);
Susannah, No Entry (Susannah);
Bel & the Dragon, No Entry (Daniel); 
John, No Entry (Jesus).

Question Number 7			

Genesis 41.14-38 (Joseph); 		
1 Samuel 17.48-51 (David); 		
Esther 5.3-7.4 (Esther); 		
Daniel 2.25-46 (Daniel); 		
3 Young Men 3.16-18 (Daniel);		
Daniel 6.10 (Daniel); 			
Judith 8.7-27, 8.32-10.8 & 13.16. (Judith);
Susannah 42-44 (Susannah); 		
Bel & Dragon 38 & 39 (Daniel),		
John 1.14 (Jesus).			

Question Number 8

Genesis 39.21-23 (Joseph); 
1 Samuel 17.46-47 (David); 
Esther, No Entry (Esther); 
Daniel, No Entry (Daniel); 
3 Young Men 3.25-28(Daniel); 
Daniel 6.22 (Daniel); 
Judith, No Entry (Judith); 
Susannah 45-49 (Susannah); 
Bel & the Dragon 33-37 (Daniel);
John 1.6-8 (Jesus).

Question Number 9			

Genesis 41.39-57 (Joseph);		 
1 Samuel 17.25 (David); 		
Esther 8.1-2 (Esther); 			
Daniel 2.48 (Daniel); 			
3 Young Men 3.30 (Daniel); 		
Daniel 6.23 (Daniel); 			
Judith 15.11 (Judith); 			
Susannah 63 (Susannah); 		
Bel & Dragon 40-41 (Daniel); 		
John, No Entry (Jesus).			

Question Number 10

Genesis 45.1-46.7 (Joseph); 
1 Samuel 17.53b (David); 
Esther 8.3-9.32 (Esther); 
Daniel 2.49 (Daniel); 
3 Young Men, No Entry (Daniel); 
Daniel, No Entry (Daniel); 
Judith 15.11 (Judith); 			
Susannah, No Entry (Susannah);
Bel & the Dragon, No Entry (Daniel);
John 1.12-13 (Jesus).

Question Number 11			
					 
Genesis, No Entry (Joseph); 		 
1 Samuel 17.52 (David); 		 
Esther 7.6-10 (Esther); 			
Daniel, No Entry (Daniel); 		
3 Young Men 3.29 (Daniel);		
Daniel 6.24 (Daniel); 			
Judith 15.3b-7 (Judith); 		
Susannah  60-62 (Susannah); 		
Bel & the Dragon 42 (Daniel); 
John, No Entry (Jesus).

In the Jewish Greek texts, hence in R.C. editions, Susannah is 
the 13th.--and Bel and the Dragon, the 14th. chapter of Daniel. 
They do not occur in the Jewish or Protestant canons. Limit 
answers for questions 12-15 to  protagonists in the preceding 
verses.

12.     What hero of three narratives, important in a fourth, 
        is also an exemplar of which of two other literatures 
        that you have studied. (Two part question: who & 
        which?)

13.     Name another protagonist, patriarchal, who is such an 
        exemplar.

14.     Both heroes have a gift which most of us do not have--
        what?

15.     Three protagonists are heroes, generically, not 
        technically--who are they?

Though millennia old, the narratives still deal with people 
like ourselves. Themes such as sex, violence, envy, and 
political power are still foci for entertainment and news in  
popular media. The questions which follow depend on such 
aspects of heroic narratives. Some of the books and/or their 
contents provide answers to more than one question.

16.     Which narrative has the Columbo, Sherlock Holmes, Monk, 
        Hercule Poirot genre? 

17.     Which narrative uses JAG, the Practice, and Law & Order's 
        Jack McCoy type talents?

18.     Which narrative has sibling rivalry, a woman scorned, 
        false arrest and imprisonment? 

19.     Which single individual, not group, is guilty of 
        professional jealousy and anti-semitism?

20.     Which narrative is concerned with genocide?

21.     Which narrative mostly concerns sexual harassment? 

22.     What narrative depicts a group of people guilty of 
        professional jealousy and religious intolerance?

---------------------------------------------------------------------

7.04    Assignment Four:: LITERATURE OF THEOPHANY.

The LITERATURE OF THEOPHANY, from Jewish Hebrew/Aramaic 
Scriptures, includes "Latter" & "Minor," not "Former," Prophets, 
and excludes all "Writings" but Psalms, Job & Chronicles. Fifteen 
books, within examination limits prescribed, record events in the 
Jewish Hebrew/Aramaic Scriptures--classifiable as theophanies.

Torah:                Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers and 
                           Deuteronomy.
Former Prophets:      Joshua, Judges, 1st & 2nd Samuel, 1st. 
                           & 2nd. Kings.
Writings:             Job, Psalms, 1st & 2nd. Chronicles et al.

(This literature is organized following a Jewish grouping of 
scripture; other groupings occur later.) Unlike prior assign-
ments, verses are not grouped for you. Rather, verses follow 
assigned versions' order of books--with upper-case letter 
appended. Note: these categories do not reflect consensus. 
A broad Theophany definition is used. Some authorities would 
exclude some items listed here. Others might lump categories, 
distinct here, into fewer types. You need not accept or agree 
with the categories, merely identify and characterize them.

Questions one to thirteen require thirteen different answers to 
a single question: what do all verses, which share a single 
upper-case letter, have in common? Focus should be on the type 
of manifestation, not on the message of the communication.

1. A,  2. B,  3. C,  4. D,  5. E,  6. F,  7. G, 
8. H,  9. I,  10. J,  11. K,  12. L,  13. M.

Questions 14-22 generalize or lump various theophanies to explore 
generalities and tendencies.

14.     Characterize theophanies' general tendency in the Torah/
        Pentateuch & Joshua

15.     Characterize the general tendency of theophanies in the 
        history pairs: Samuels, Kings and Chronicles.

16.     Characterize the common factor in Genesis 32.30, 35.15; 
        Exodus 24.9-11; Numbers 12.8; and Deuteronomy 34.10.

17.     Characterize the common factor in verses Exodus 19.21, 
        33.18-23, 40.35; Judges 6.22; and 2nd. Chronicles 7.2

18.     With questions 14 through 17 in mind, describe the 
        overall tendency of change in theophanies from the 
        earlier to the later books. (Note: "God said to ... ")

19.     The Pentateuch/Torah has many selections stating "God 
        spoke to Moses and Aaron." What reasons exist for wonder-
        ing whether or how often God spoke to Aaron directly?

20.     In Joshua, many verses have "the Lord said to Joshua." 
        Why do some then deny any direct physical manifestations 
        of God to Joshua?

21.     Who is the first person mentioned as having prophetic 
        power in the Pentateuch / Torah at the time of Moses 
        besides Moses himself?

22.     Who was the first person whom the Torah / Pentateuch 
        records as replying to the Lord during a theophany?

The following list of theophanies is divided into 15 sections, 
one for each book which contains the theophanies being studied.

The entries include, 	
first, the name of the person addressed;  
second, the chapters and verses of the book; and, 
third, the capital letter assigned to the particular 
     kind of theophany.
 
Adam       Genesis  2.16   -   2.17   H
"               "   3. 8   -   3.24   "
Cain            "   4. 9   -   4.15   "
Noah            "   6.13   -   7. 4   "
"               "   8.15   -   8.19   "
" & Sons        "   9. 1   -   9.16   "
"               "   9.17              "
Abram           "  12. 1   -  12. 3   "
"               "     14   -     17   "
"               "  15. 1   -  15. 7    
                                & 9   D
"               "     12   -     15   B
"               "  15.17              L
"               "     18              H
Sarai           "  16. 7   -  16.12   J
"               "                13   "
Abram           "  17. 1   -  17.16   H
"               "     19         22   "
"               "  18. 1              H
"               "      2              K
"               "      3   -      5a  H
"               "      5b             K
"               "      8b  -      9a  "
"               "     10a             H
"               "     13   -     15b  "
"               "     16              K
"               "     17   -     21   H
"               "     22a             K
"               "     22b  -     33   H
"               "  19. 1              J
Lot             "      2   -     22   "
Abraham         "  21.12   -  21.13   H
Hagar           "     17   -     18   J
Abraham         "  22. 1   -  22. 2   H
"               "     11   -     12   J
"               "     15              "
"               "     16   -     18   J
Rebekkah        "  25.22b  -      3   F
Isaac           "  26. 2   -  26. 5   H
Jacob           "  28.12   -  28.15   A
"               "  31. 2   -  31. 5   H
"               "     11   -     12   A
                                    & J
"               "                13   A
Laban           "     24   &     29   "
Jacob           "  32. 1              K
"               "  32. 3   -  32.29   H
"               "                30   "
"               "  35. 1              "
"               "  35. 9   -  35.14   "
"               "                15   "
Moses      Exodus   3. 2              J
                                    & L
"               "   3. 4   -   3.10   I
"               "     12   -          "
"               "   3.14   -   3.22   "
"               "   4. 2a             "
"               "   4. 3a             "
"               "   4. 4a  -   4. 9   "
"               "     11   -     12   "
"               "     14   -     17   "
"               "     21   -     23   "
"               "     24   &     27   "
"               "   6. 1   -   6.18   "
"               "     10   -     11   "
"               "     13              "
"               "     26b             "
"               "     28   -     29   "
Moses           "   7. 1   -   7. 5   I
"               "      8   -      9   "
"               "     14   -     19   "
"               "   8. 1   -   8. 5   "
"               "     16              "
"               "     20   -     23   "
"               "   9. 1   -   9. 5   "
"               "      8   -      9   "
"               "     13   -     19   "
"               "     22              "
"               "  10. 1   -  10. 2   "
"               "     12              "
"               "  11. 1   -  11. 2   "
"               "  12. 2   -  12.20   "
"               "  13. 1              "
"               "  14. 1   -  14. 4   "
"               "     15         18   "
"               "     19              J
                                    & L
"               "     26              H
"               "  15.25a             "
"               "  16. 4   -  16. 5   "
"               "     11   -     12   "
"               "     28   -     29   "
"               "  17. 5   -  17. 6a  "
"               "  17.14              "
"               "  19. 3   -  19. 6   "
"               "      9a             "
"               "     10   -     13   "
People          "     16   -     18   M
Moses           "     19              L
"               "     20, 22, &  24   I
"               "  20. 1   -  20.17   "
"               "  20.22   -  24. 2   "
Moses, Chief
Priests, and
Elders          "  24. 9   -  24.11   "
Moses           "  24.12              "
"               "  24.16   -  24.18   L
"               "  25. 1   -  31.18   I
"               "  32. 7   -  32.10   "
"               "     14              "
"               "     33   -     34   "
"               "  33. 1   -      5   "
People          "      7b             F
"               "      8   -     10   L
Moses           "     17              H
"               "      20             G
"               "   33.21   -  34. 3  "
"               "   34. 5   -  34. 7  L
"               "      10   -     27  "
"               "   40. 1   -  40.15  H
People          "      34   -     35  M
"               "      36   -     38  "
Moses     Leviticus  1. 2   -   8. 3  G
People          "    9.24             L
Aaron           "   10. 8   -  10.11  G
Moses &
Aaron           "   11. 1   -  11.46  "
Moses           "   12. 1   -  12. 8  "
Moses &
Aaron           "   13. 1   -  13.59  "
Moses           "   14. 1   -  14.54  "
" & Aaron       "   15. 1   -  15.32  "
"               "   16. 1   -  24.23  "
"               "   25. 1   -  27.34  H
Moses      Numbers   1. 1   -   1.16  G
" & Aaron       "    2. 1   -   2.33  "
"               "    3. 5   -   3.48  "
" & Aaron       "    4. 1   -   4.33  "
"               "    5. 1   -   5. 3  "
"               "       5   -     31  "
"               "    6. 1   -   6.27  "
"               "    7. 4   -   7. 5  "
"               "      11             "
"               "    7.89   -   8. 1  "
"               "    8.23   -   8.26  "
"               "    9. 1   -   9. 3  H
"               "       9   -     14  "
People          "    9.15   -   9.23  M
Moses           "   10. 1   -  10.11  H
People          "      12             "
"               "      33         34  "
Moses           "   11.16      11.20  G
"               "      23             "
"  Miriam &                            
      Aaron     "   12. 4             H
"  "  "         "   12. 5   -  12.10  L
"               "      14   -     15  G
"               "   13. 1   -  13. 2  "
People          "   14. 9             M
Moses           "      11             G
"               "      20   -     25  "
" & Aaron       "      26   -     35  "
"               "   15. 1   -  15.31  "
"               "      35             "
"               "      37   -     41  "
" & Aaron       "   16.20             "
"               "   16.26   -  16.38  "
People          "      42             M
Moses           "      43   -     45  G
"               "   17. 1   -  17. 5   
                               & 10   "
Aaron           "   18. 1   -  18.24  "
Moses           "      25   -     32  "
" & Aaron       "   19. 1   -  19.32  "
"               "   20. 6   -  20. 9   
                               & 12   "
"               "   21. 8             "
Balaam          "   22.22   -  22.27  J
                                    & M
"               "      20   -     30  J
                                    & L
"               "      31   -     33   
                               & 35   J
"               "   23. 4   -  23. 5   
                               & 16   H
Moses           "   25. 4             "
"               "      10   -     13  "
" & Eliezer     "   26. 1   -  26. 2  G
"               "      52   -     56  "
"               "   27. 7   -  29.39  "
"               "   31. 1   -  31. 2  "
"               "      35   -     31  "
"               "   32.50   -  34.12  H
"               "   34.16   -  36. 4  "
"          Deute-                      
           ronomy   34.10             "
Joshua     Joshua    1. 1   -   1. 9  G
"               "    3. 7   -   3. 8  "
"               "    4. 1   -   4. 3  "
"               "      15   -     16  "
"               "    5. 2   &      9  "
"               "      13   -     15  K
"               "    6. 2   -   6. 5  G
"               "    7.10   -   7.15  "
"               "    8. 1   -   8. 2  "
"               "    8.18a            "
"               "   11. 6             "
"               "   13. 1   -  13. 7  "
"               "   20. 1   -  20. 6  "
People     Judges   1. 1   -   1. 2   F
Gideon          "   6.11   -   6.12   J
"               "   6.14, 16, &  18b  H
"               "     20a        21   J
"               "     23              H
"               "     25   -     26   "
"               "   7. 2   -   7. 3a  "
"               "      4   -      5b  "
"               "      7              "
"               "      9   -     11a  "
People          "  10.11   -     14   F
Manoah's        "  13. 3   -  13. 5
Wife                            & 8   J
"               "     11b             "
"               "     13   -     14   "
"               "     16   &     18   "
"               "     20              M
Danites         "  18. 5   -  18. 6   F
People          "  20.23b             "
"               "  20.27   -  20. 8   "
Samuel     1 Sa-
           muel     3. 4,  6a, &  8a  G
"               "     10   -     14   "
" & Phili-
   stines       "   7. 9b  &   7.10b  M
"               "   8. 7   -   8. 9   G
"               "     22a             "
"               "   9.15   -   9.17   "
People          "  10.17   -  10.19   D
Samuel          "  15.10   -  15.11   "
"               "  16. 1              "
"               "  16. 2b  -  16. 3   G
"               "  16. 7, 8b,  &  9b  E
"               "  16. 2              "
David           "  23. 2              F
"               "  30. 7   -  30. 8   "
"          2 Sa-
            muel    2. 1              "
"               "   5.19              "
" -Nathan       "   7. 4   -   7.17   D
"               "  12. 7   -  12.12   "
"               "  21. 1              G
"               "  22. 7   -  22.14   F
                                      & L
"               "     15   -     16   M
"               "  24. 1b             F
" -Gad          "  24.11b  -  24.13   D 
"               "     16b  -     17a  J
Solomon    1 Kings  3. 5              A 
"               "   3.11   -   3.15   "
"               "   6.11   -   6.13   G
"               "   9. 2   -   9. 9   A
Shemiah-        "  12.22   -  12.24a  D
Rehoboam
Man of God                             
-Jeroboam       "  13. 1   -  13. 3   E
"               "      4b  -      5   M
Old Prophet     "                      
-Man of God     "     21   -     22   E
Abija-Wife                             
of Jeroboam     "  14. 5   -  14. 6   "
Jehu-Baasha     "  16. 1   -  16. 4   "
Elijah          "  17. 2   -  17. 4   D
"               "      8   -      9   "
"               "  18. 1              "
"               "  18.38              M
"               "  19. 5a  -  19. 7   J
Ahab-Prophet    "  20.13   -  20.14   E
" -Man of God-  "  20.20              "
" -Prophet      "  20.42              "
Elijah          "  21.17   -  21.19   D
" -Ahab         "     20   -     24   E
"               "     28   -     29   "
Micah-Kings     "  22.14   -  22.17   E
"               "     19              D
" -Kings        "     20   -     23   E
Elijah     2 Kings  1. 3   -   1. 4   J
Captain                                
& 50            "     10   &     12   L
Elisha          "   2.11              "
" -Men of                              
    City        "     21              "
" -Boys         "     24              "
" -Jehosaphat   "   3.16   -   3.19   E
"    "          "     20              M
" -Wife of                             
   Prophet      "   4. 2   -   4. 7   L
" -Shunammite   "     34   -     36   "
" -Prophets     "     41   -          "
" -Man of Baal                         
  Baalshalisha  "     42   -     44   "
" -Naaman       "   5.10   -   5.14   "
" -Son of                              
   Prophet      "   6. 6   -          "
" -Servant      "     17              "
" -Syrians      "     20              "
" -King of                             
  Israel        "   7. 1              D
" -Hazael       "   8. 8   -   8.13   E
" -Jehu         "   9. 1   -   9. 3   "
"    "          "      6b  -     10   "
Jehu            "  10.30              G
Joash           "  13. 4   -  13. 5   "
Elisha-Jehoahaz "     16   -     19   E
Assyrian People "  17.25              M
Isaiah-Hezikiah "  19. 3   -  19. 7   E
"               "     28              F
"      "        "     20   -     34   "
Assyrians       "     35              M
Isaiah-Hezikiah "  20. 1              E
"      "        "  20. 5   -  20. 6   "
"      "        "      9   &     11   E
                                    & L
"      "        "     16   -     18   E
Prophets-Israel "  21.10   -  21.16   "
Huldah-Josiah   "  22.15   -  22.20   "
David      1 Chro-
           nicles  15.10              G
"               "  15.14   -  15.15    
Nathan          "  17. 3   -  17.14   C
David-Nathan    "    .15              E
" -Gad          "  21. 9   -  21.12   "
"               "     16              J
Solomon    2 Chro-
           nicles   1. 6              F
"               "   1. 7              C
"               "   1.11   -   1.12   "
" & People      "   7. 1   -   7. 3   M
"               "     12         22   C
Shemiah-
Rehoboam        "  11. 2   -  11. 4   D
"    "          "  12. 5   -  12. 7   D &
Asa-Azariah     "  15. 1   -  15. 7   "
" -Hanani       "  16. 7   -  16. 9   E
Micah-Ahab      "  18.16              "
"    "          "  18.18   -  18.22   "
Jahaziel-
Assembly        "  20.15   -  20.17   "
Elijah-Jehoram  "  21.12   -  21.15   "
Zechariah-
Joash & People  "  24.20              "
Man of God-
Amaziah         "  25. 7   -  25. 8   "
A Prophet-      
Israel          "  28. 9   -  28.11   "
Huldah-Josiah   "  34.23   -  34.28   "
Prophets-Judah  "  36.15   -  36.16   "
Job           Job  38. 1   -  40. 1   I &
"               "  40. 6   -  41.34   "
Friends of
Job             "  42. 7   -  42. 8   "
David       Psalms 18. 6   -  18.13   "
"               "     14   -     15   M
"               "  29. 3   -  29. 9   I
" ?             "  46. 6   &  46.10   "
Asaph ?         "  50. 1   -  50. 4   M
"               "      4   -     23   L
David           "  60. 6   -  60. 8   C
" ?             "  81. 6   -  81.16   "
David/Nathan
(Ps 89.3-4/
2 Samuel 7.4)   "  89.19   -  89.37   E/D
? (Numbers
     14.13)     "  95. 7   -  95.11   E
David      	" 108. 7   - 108. 9   " 
" ?             " 132.14   - 132.18   "

----------------------------------------------------------------------

7.05	Assignment Five  MIRACLE/SIGN LITERATURE
	
Questions 1-21 focus on what common factors verses marked with the 
same capital letter. (F is in two lists distinguished by 
subscripts.) Questions are not in alphabetical order, so be careful

1.   P,    2.  Q,    3.  T,    4.  I,    5.  K,    6.  R,    7.  B,  
8.   C,    9.  D,   10.  J,   11.  L,   12.  A,   13. F2,   14.  G,  
15.  H,   16.  O,   17.  S,   18.  E,   19.  F1,  20.  M,   21.  N.

23.     This question asks you to figure out why the letters are 
        out of order.

i.      Books listed with the same sign letter are in parallel.
ii.     Distant parallels are enclosed in parentheses.	
iii.    Parallel situations which do not include a corresponding 
        sign are enclosed in slashes.
iv.     Numbers following letters distinguish specific signs but 
        do not concern your answers except F's subscripts.

Exodus         14.21 - 14.26                            A
Exodus         15.24 - 15.25                            B1
Exodus         16. 4 - 16. 5 & 
               16.14 - 16.36                            C1
Exodus         16.13a        and Numbers 11.31 - 11.34  C2
Exodus         17. 2 - 17. 7 and Numbers 20. 8 - 20.13  D1
Numbers        16.31 - 16.34                            E
Numbers        16.35                                    F1
Numbers        17. 8                                    G
Joshua          3.11 -  4.24                            A
Joshua         10.12 - 10.14                            H
1st. Kings     13. 1 - 13. 6                            I1
1st. Kings     17.13 - 17.16                            J1 & 2
1st. Kings     17.19 - 17.23                            K
1st. Kings     18.38                                    F2
1st. Kings     18.44 - 18.45                            L
2nd. Kings      1.10 -  1.12                            F1
2nd. Kings      2. 8 &  2.14                            A
2nd. Kings      2.19 -  2.22                            B1
2nd. Kings      2.23 -  2.24                            M
2nd. Kings      3.16 -  3.20                            D2
2nd. Kings      4. 2 -  4. 7                            J1
2nd. Kings      4.32 -  4.24                            K
2nd. Kings      4.39 -  4.41                            B2
2nd. Kings      4.42 -  4.44                            J2
2nd. Kings      5.10 &  5.14                            I2
2nd. Kings      5.23 -  5.27                            N
2nd. Kings      6. 6 -  6. 7                            O1
2nd. Kings     13.21                                    K
2nd. Kings     20.10 - 20.11
and Isaiah     38. 7 - 38. 8                            H
2nd Chronicles  7. 1                                    F2
2nd Chronicles 26.18 - 26-23                            N
Daniel          3.14 - 3.28                             P
Daniel          6.16 - 6.23                             Q
Tobit           8.28 - 8. 3                             R
Tobit          11.12 - 11.17                            I

---------------------------------------------------------------------
	
Matthew   8. 1 -  8.14,      and
Mark      1.40 -  1.44,      and
Luke      5.12 -  5.14.                             I2

Matthew   8. 5 -  8.13                              I4 but parallels
Luke      7. 1 -  7.10       and                
John      4.46b-  4.34                              I6 

Matthew   8.14 -  8.15       and
Mark      1.29 -  1.31       and
Luke      4.38 -  4.39                              I5

Matthew   8.16a              and
Mark      1.32 -  1.33 & 34b and
Luke      4.41                                      R

Matthew   8.16b              and
Mark      1.34a              and
Luke      4.40                                      I6

Matthew   8.24 -  8.27       and
Mark      4.37 -  4.41       and
Luke      8.22 -  8.25                              S

Matthew   8.28 -  8.33       and
Mark      5. 1 -  5.20       and
Luke      8.26 -  8.39                              R

Matthew   9. 1 -  9. 8       and
Mark      2. 1 -  2.12       and
Luke      5.17 -  5.26       and
John     (5. 1 -  5. 9a)                            I4

Matthew   9.18 -  9.19       and   9.23 - 9.25 and
Mark      5.22 -  5.24       and   9.35 - 9.42 and
Luke      8.41 -  8.42       and   8.49 - 8.55      K

Matthew   9.20 -  9.22       and
Mark      5.25 -  5.34       and
Luke      8.43 -  8.48                              I7

Matthew   9.27 -  9.31       and
Mark     10.46 - 10.52       and
Luke     18.35 - 18.43       and
John    (20.29 - 20.34)                             I3

Matthew   9.32 -  9.34       and
Mark     /3.22/              and
Luke     11.14 - 11.15       and
John     /7.20 & 10.20/                             R & I8

Matthew (12.22 - 12.23)      and
John     /8.48 &  8.52/                             R, I3 & I8

Matthew   9.35  -   9.36     and
Mark     /6. 6b & 6.34/      and
Luke     /8. 1/                                     I6

Matthew /10. 1,    10. 7, 10.11 & 10.14/  and
Mark      6. 6b  &  6.34                  and
Luke     /9. 1  -   9. 6/                           R & I6

Matthew  12. 9  -  12.14     and
Mark      3. 1  -   3. 6     and
Luke       6. 6  -   6.11                           I1
Matthew  14.13 - 14.21       and
Mark      6.32 -  6.44       and
Luke      9.10b-  9.17       and
John      6. 1 -  6.15                              J2 & J3

Matthew  14.25 - 14.31       and
Mark      6.48 -  6.50       and
John      6.19 -  6.20                              O2

Matthew          14.32       and
Luke              6.51                              S

Matthew  14.35 - 14.36       and
Mark      6.54 -  6.56                              I6

Matthew  15.21 - 15.28       and
Mark      7.25 -  7.30                              R

Matthew  15.30 - 15.31                              I10, I9, I3 & I8
Mark      7.31 -  7.37                              I11 & I8

Matthew  15.32 - 15.38       and
Mark      8. 1 -  8.10                              J2 & J3

Matthew  17.14 - 17.19       and                    R
Mark      9.17 -  9.27       and                    R, I8 & I11 
Luke      9.37 -  9.43a                             R

Matthew  21.14                                      I3 & I10

Mark      6. 5                                      I6

Mark      8.22 -  8.26                              I3

Luke      5. 4 -  5. 9       and
John    (21. 5 - 21. 8                              J3

Matthew   4.24                                      I6, R & I4
Mark      3. 7 -  3.13a                             I6 & R
Luke      6.17 -  6.19                              I6 & R

Luke      7.11 -  7.15                              K
            21                                      I6, R & I3
         13.10 - 13.13                              I12
         14. 2 - 14. 4                              I13
         17.11 - 17.19                              I2
         22.51                                      I14

John      2. 4 -  2.11                              J4
          9. 1 -  9. 7                              I3
         11. 3 - 11.44                              K

Acts      3. 2 -  3.10                              I10
          5.14 -  5.16                              I6
          9.36 -  9.41                              K
         14. 8 - 14.10                              I10
         16.16 - 16.18                              R
         20. 8 - 20.12                              K
         28. 3 - 28. 6                              T
             8                                      I5
             9                                      I6

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ROLES replace GENRES.. Assignments 6, 7 & 9 have four possible 
"Roles": JUDGE, KING, PRIEST & PROPHET. Assignment 8 has the 
four above plus HOUSEHOLDER & PATRIARCH.

7.06    Assignment 6: Who & what were Israel's JUDGES? (Almost all 
        vv. are from Judges.)

Othniel, abbreviated (O) after the judge list, mentioned in 3.7-3.11, 
receives the title in 3.10b, frees people in 3.9, and is called a war 
leader in 3.10b.

Ehud, abbreviated (Ed) after the judge list, mentioned in 3.12-3.30, 
frees people in 3.15, and is called a war leader in 3.27 -30. 

Shamgar, abbreviated (Sr), mentioned in 3.31, frees people in 3.31b, 
and is called a war leader in 3.31a. 

Barak & Deborah, abbreviated (B) & (D) respectively, appear in 
4.1-5.31, Deborah is titled judge in 4.4b, judges in 4.5, called a 
war leader in 4.10, received another title in 4.4a; Barak is called 
a war leader in 4.14 -16. 

Gideon, abbreviated (G), mentioned in 6.1- 8.32, frees people in 
6.14 & 36, is called a war leader in 7.19 -25 and 8.10-12, and a 
sacrificer in 6.24-27

Abimelech, abbreviated (Ah), mentioned in 8.33-9.57, is called by 
another title in 9.6, 16 & 22. 

Tola, abbreviated (T), mentioned in 10.1-10.2, called a judge in 
10.2, frees people in 10.1. 

Jair, abbreviated (Jr), mentioned in 10.3-10.5, is called a judge in 
10.3. 

Jephthah, abbreviated (Jh), mentioned in 10.6-12.7, called a judge 
in 12.7, is called a war leader in 11.8, 21-22, 32-33 & 12.1-6. 

Ibzan,  abbreviated (I),  mentioned in 12.8-12.11,  
        is called a judge in 12.8. 
Elon,   abbreviated (En), mentioned in 12.11-12.12, 
        is called a judge in 12.11. 
Abdon,  abbreviated (An), mentioned in 12.13-12.15, 
        is called a judge in 12.13.
Samson, abbreviated (Sn), mentioned in 12.13-12.16, 
        is called a judge in 16.31.  

The first three questions refer to the same individual.

1.      What one judge seems to do any judging?

2.      This judge belongs to what half of humanity that the rest 
        do not?

3.      By what role title other than judge is this judge called? 

The next two questions refer to the same individual.

4.      What other judge is called another role title too?

5.      What is his other title? (Hint: He asked men to give him 
        this role.)

The next three questions refer to the same individual.

6.      A 3rd. judge performs what function normally associated 
        with yet another title?
       
7.      What role usually performs this function?	

8.      Who is this Judge?

The remaining questions are only loosely linked	

9.      Who are the five of 13 or 14 not called judges?

10.     Which six of the 13 or 14 judges do we know nothing about?

11.     Comparing v. 9.6 with 1 Samuel 8.5 & 19; 10.19; 12.1 & 
        12, if people did not know about v. 9.6, what might they 
        assume about Saul's kingship?

12.     Verses 1st. Samuel 7.6 and 8.1-2 add what to the judge 
        inventory?	

13.     In 1st. Samuel 2.18 & 35, 16.5; 9.9 & 19, Samuel fuses 
        what three roles

14. & 15.       What evidence is for & what evidence is against 
                Barak being a judge?

16.     Samson was named a judge, so why do some question his 
        title?

17.     Which judge is recorded as able to summon at least 10+ 
        Jewish tribes?

18.     Which judge was a concubine's son?	

19.     Which judge was a prostitute's son?

20.     Which judge had a penchant for women from Israel's 
        enemy?

21.     Tell why vv. 3 & 13 cause analysts problems in 
        chapter 17?

22.     What tribe was nearly destroyed out of Israel 
        in Judges?

---------------------------------------------------------------------

7.07    Assignment Seven: Who & what were Israel & Judah's KINGS?

Clearly, kings were expected to be war leaders like judges, but--
unlike judges--the role is more formalized, e.g., their burden upon 
their subjects is well defined in 1st. Samuel 8.10-20.

Questions 1-3 & 19-22 should be answered from the kings' list 
                      below. 
Questions 4-18 will have their own sets of assigned verses.

The 12 books abbreviated below are: Judges, 1st & 2nd Samuels, 
1st & 2nd. Kings, 1st. & 2nd. Chronicles, Micah,  Hosea, Isaiah,  
Jeremiah and Esther.

Abimelech,            E  Jdgs. 9
Saul,                 U  1Sam. 9; 12.13-21; 2Sam. 1, 21.1-9.
I/Eshbaal/Ishbosheth, I  2Sam. 2.8-12; 3.7-15; 4; 1Chr. 8.33; 9.39.
David,            J > U  1Sam. 16-31; 2Sam. 1-25; 1Kgs. 1-11; 
                         1Chr. 2, 3, 10-29.               End of
Solomon,              U  2Sam. 12.24, 25; 1Kgs. 1-11;     United
                         1Chr. 22-23.1; 28-29; 2Chr. 1-9. Kingdom
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 
Jeroboam I.,          I  1Kgs. 11-26-40; 12-14.20; 
                         2Chr. 10-11; 12.15; 13.3-20.      
Rehoboam,             J  1Kgs. 12.20-24; 14.21-31; 2Chr.11-12.   
Nadab,                I  1Kgs. 14.20; 15.25-35.                
Abijah/Abijam,        J  1Kgs. 15.1-8; 2Chr. 13.                  
Asa,                  J  1Kgs. 15.9-15; 2Chr. 14-16.
Baasha,               I  1Kgs. 15.27-16.7.
Elah,                 I  1Kgs. 16.5-14.
Zimri,                I  1Kgs. 16.9-20.
Omri,                 I  1Kgs. 16.15-28; 20.34; Mica 6.16.
Ahab,                 I  1Kgs. 16.29-22.40; 2Chr. 18.
Jehoshaphat,          J  1Kgs. 22.2-33; 41-50; 2Chr. 14-16.
Ahaziah,              J  1Kgs. 22.51; 2Kgs. 1.18.
Joram,                I  2Kgs.  1.17; 2; 6; 9.
Jehoram,              J  2Kgs.  8.16-24; 2Chr. 21.
Ahaziah,              J  2Kgs.  8.25-29; 2Chr. 22.1-9.
Jehu,                 I  2Kgs.  9-10.36; Hosea 1.4.
Jehoash,              J  2Kgs. 11; 12; 2Chr. 22.10-24.27.
Jehoahaz,             I  2Kgs. 13.1-9.
Jehoash/Joash,        J  2Kgs. 13.10-25.
Amazaiah,             J  2Kgs. 14.1-21; 2Chr. 25.
Jeroboam II,          I  2Kgs. 14.22-29; Amos 1 & 7.
Uzziah/Azariah,       J  2Kgs. 15.1-7; 2Chr. 26; Isah. 6.
Zachariah,            I  2Kgs. 14.29; 15.8-12.
Shallum,              I  2Kgs. 15.13-15.
Menahem,              I  2Kgs. 15.16-22.
Pekahiah,             I  2Kgs. 15.23-26.                 
Pekah,                I  2Kgs. 15.25, 27-32.      End of King-
Hoshea,               I  2Kgs. 15.30; 17.         dom of Israel
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Jotham,               J  2Kgs. 15.32-38; 2Chr. 27.
Ahaz/Jehoahaz I,      J  2Kgs. 16; 2Chr. 28; Isa. 7-12.
Hezekiah,             J  2Kgs. 18-20; 2Chr. 29-31; Isa. 26-39.
Manasseh,             J  2Kgs. 21.1-9; 2Chr. 33.1-9.
Amon,                 J  2Kgs. 21.18-26; 2Chr. 33.21-25.
Josiah,               J  2Kgs. 22-23.30; 2Chr. 34; 35.
Jehoahaz II/Shallum,  J  2Kgs. 23.30-34; 2Chr. 36; Jer. 27.10-12
Jehoiakim/Eliakim,    J  2Kgs. 23.35-24.7; 2Chr. 36.5-8; 
                         Jer. 22.18-21; 25-27; 36.
Jehoiachin/              2Kgs. 24.8-16; 2Chr. 36.9 & 10; 
Coniah/Jeconiah,         Jer. 22.24-30; Esth. 2.6.
Zedekiah/Mattaniah    J  2Kgs. 24.17-25; Jer. 52

E indicates Ephraim (But Jdgs. 9.22 says U.); 
U indicates United Kingdom; 
I indicates Israel; J indicates Judah.

1.      Although Judges 9.6, 16, 22 states that Abimelech was king 
        over Israel, why do almost all authorities doubt that he 
        was king/prince/ruler over all of Israel?

2.      Who became king/ruler over Israel when Saul died? 
        (Read carefully & thoroughly.)

3.      What woman ruled as queen in Israel or Judah (with no 
        king on the throne) while she was neither chief wife, 
        concubine, mother, nor grandmother of a living king?

4.      Read Exodus 19.5-6; Deuteronomy 33.1-5; Judges 8.23; 
        1 Samuel 8.7; 12.17-19; and  Isaiah 33.2 to find out 
        who is the true king of Israel (and Judah.)

5.      From the above & following vv., determine God's 
        attitude toward a king for Israel (and/or Judah?) 
        Genesis 17.16; Numbers 24.17; Deuteronomy 17.14-18; 
        & 1 Samuel 12.13-15.

Questions 6 - 9 ask what 4 items associate with Kingship?  
the item?" Associated vv. answer them.

6.      Genesis 49.10a; Numbers 24.17; and Psalm 45.6b.

7.      2 Samuel 1.10 & 2 Kings 11.2.	

8.      1 Kings 2.19; 10.18-20; & Ps. 45.6a.

9.      1 Samuel 8.11; and 2 Samuel 15.1.

Questions 10 - 16 ask who are the  7 officials of a king's 
court. Associated vv. answer them. 

10.     2 Samuel 15.18; 20.23c; and 2 Kings 11.4.

11.     1 Samuel 8.12; 14.50b; 2 Samuel 8.16a; 20.23; 
        and 1 Kings 4.4; 16.9 & 16b.

12.     2 Samuel 8.16b; 20.24d; 1 Kings 4.3b; & 2 Kings 
        18.18c & 37c.

13.     2.Samuel 8.17b; 20.25a; 1 Kings 4.3a; & 2 Kings 
        18.18b 37b.

14.     1 Kings 4.6a; 18.3; and 2 Kings 18.18a & 37a.

15.     2 Samuel 20.24c; and 1 Kings 4.6b; & 5.13-14.

16.     2 Samuel 15.37 & 16.16; and 1 Kings 4.5b.

KINGs perform functions of other roles. Earlier, war leader 
was noted, a JUDGE function. In 1 Samuel 10.6 & 9-13, Saul 
acts as a PROPHET. Verse sets with questions 17 & 18 Identify
 such roles. 

17.     1 Samuel 14.31-35; 2 Samuel 6.12-19; 15.12*; 24.25; 
        1 Kings 1.9*; 3.15; 8.5 & 54-64; 2 Kings 16.12-13; 
        and 1 Chronicles 21.28-30. (* marks kings' sons.)

18.     2 Samuel 14.4-11; 15.2-6; and 1 Kings 3.16-27; 7.7.

The last 4 questions' answers are in the King's list. 
19 & 20 concern David; 21 & 22: Solomon.

19.     How did David earn a living after fleeing Saul & 
        before becoming Judah's King ?

20.     What did Absalom, David's son, and Sheba, son of 
        Bichri, have in common?

21.     What danger would Solomon face if Adonijah & Joab 
        had lived?

22.     Who is responsible for Jeroboam rebelling against 
        Solomon's House?

---------------------------------------------------------------------

7.08	Assignment Eight: Who & what were Israel & Judah's PRIESTS

(Please reread the note that occurs before assignment six.)*

1.      What is the apparent contradiction  between Deuteronomy 
        18.1-8 (particularly  vs. 3) with Numbers 16.1-18.32 
        (particularly 16.10, 18.1-3, 7 & 29.)

2.      The following vv. describe what major priestly vestment? 
        Exodus 28.30; Leviticus 8.7-8; Numbers 27.21; Deuteronomy 
        33.8; Judges 10.17-18 & 17.5; 1 Samuel 14.3, 22.18, 23.6 
        & 9, 28.6, 30.7; Isaiah 24.15; Ezra 2.63 & Nehemiah 7.65.

3.      From the same set of verses, what other use has this 
        vestment besides clothing?

4.      Determine who the Most High 'eljo-n= is from the following 
        vv: Genesis 14.18-20; Exodus 23.23-24; Joshua 15.63; and 
        2 Samuel 5.6-9. (Do not assume an obvious answer.)

5.      Read Exodus 2.15-22 & 18.1-12 (especially 18.10 and 11) 
        and Numbers 10.29-32. How does Jethro view  j h w h "the 
        LORD" whom he terms God?

6.      Read Judges 17.7-18.31 (especially compare 17.3, 17.13, 
        18.20 and 18.31.) What unusual item did the Levite use 
        in the worship of jhwh "the LORD.

From the vv. with questions 7-9, identify original roles of those 
who perform priestly functions. 

7.      Genesis 22.13, 26.25 & 33.20    8.    Judges 6.25 & 11.31

9.      2Sam. 6.12-14, 1 Kgs. 3.15

Questions 10, 11 and 12 ask you to identify specific concerns 
from the associated verses.

10.     Leviticus 10.1-5; Isaiah 28.7-22;  Hosea 4.8-9; Amos 2.7-8
        & 3.4; & Micah 3.5 & 3.11.

11.     Leviticus 4.3 & 5.		

12.     Leviticus 21 & 22.

13.     From Numbers chapters 3 & 4, find why  there is no priest 
        list like the king & prophet list? 

Questions 14, 15, and 16 ask you to identify priestly duties from 
the respective associated verses?

14.     Leviticus 9.22 & Numbers 6.22-27.	

15.     Leviticus 16.5-34 & 23.10-44.

16.     Numbers 16.6-7 & 35; 2 Chronicles 26.18 & Psalms 141.2.

17.     Determine the practice from vv. in Exodus 28.40, 29.9, 
        39.28; and Leviticus 8.13 & 21.10.

For questions 18-22, match the word with the question to the 
correct test answer. (Use only text, not Bible Dictionaries; most 
references only speculate on these terms.)

18.     Ephod: Exd. 25.7; 28.4, 6, 12, 15, 26, 27,28, 31;29.5; 
        35.9, 27; 39.2, 4, 7, 8, 18-22.

19.     Breastplate/Piece: Exd. 25.7; 28.4, 15, 22-24, 26, 28, 
        30; 29.5; 35.9, 27; 39.8, 9, 15, 16, 17, 19, 21.

20.     Urim & Thummim: Exd. 28.30; Lev. 8.8; Num. 27.21; 
        Deut. 33.8.

21.     Azazel: Lev. 16.8, 10, 26

22.     High Place: 1Sam. 9.12-14, 19, 25; 10.5, 13; 1 Kgs. 3.4; 
        11.7; 2 Kgs. 23.15; 1 Chr. 16.39; 21.29; 2 Chr. 1.3, 13; 
        Isa 16.12; Jer. 7.31 and 48.35; Ezek. 20.29.

---------------------------------------------------------------------

7.09     Assignment Nine: Who & what were 
         Israel and Judah's PROPHETS?

 ABRAHAM: Genesis 20.7                                             

 AARON: Exodus 7.1

 MIRIAM: Exodus 15.20 (1)

 ELDERS: Numbers 11.25 (2)

 ELDAD & MEDAD: Numbers 11.26-9 

 MOSES: Deuteronomy 18.15-18

 DEBORAH: Judges 4.4 (1)

 GIDEON: Judges 6.7-8                           

 SAMUEL: 1 Samuel 3.20, 9.9; 2 Chronicles 35.18

 SAUL: 1 Samuel 10.6, 10-12 & 19.23-24 (2)   
   
 MESSINGERS OF SAUL: 1 Samuel 19.20-21 (2)

 NATHAN: 2 Samuel 12.25; 1 Kings 1.8, 10, 22-23, 32, 34, & 44;
 1 Chronicles 17.1; 29.29; 2 Chronicles 9.29, Psalm 51 (Title)

 PROPHETIC SCHOOL:  1 Samuel 10.5, 10; 1 Kings 18.4; 
 22.6, 10, 12-13, 22-23; 2 Kings  2.3, 5, 7, 15; 4.1, 38; 
 5.22; 6.1; 9.1; 21.10; 23.2; 1 Chronicles 25.1-3; & 
 2 Chronicles 18.5, 9, 11-12, 21-22

 AHIJAH: 1 Kings 11.29; 14.2 & 18; 2 Chronicles 9.29.               

 JEHU: 1 Kings  16.7 & 12 

 OLD PROPHET: 1 Kings 13.11, 20, 25-26, 29 

 A PROPHET: 1 Kings 20.13 & 22  

 ELIJAH:   1 Kings 18.22, 36; 2 Chronicles 21.12; 
           Malachi 4.5/3.23                    

 ELISHA: 1 Kings 19.16; 2 Kings 3.11; 5.3, 8, 13; 6.12; & 9.1

 YOUNG PROPHET: 2 Kings 9.4 

 A SON OF THE PROPHETS: 1 Kings 20.35, 38 & 41        

 MICAH: 1 Kings 22.7-8, 2 Chronicles 18.6-7; Jeremiah 26.18

 A PROPHET: 2 Chronicles 25.15-16 

 HULDAH:  2 Kings 22.14 & 2 Chronicles 34.22 (1)     

 PROPHET OF SAMARIAH: 2 Kings 23.18

 ISAIAH: 2 Kings 19.2; 20.1, 11, 14; 2 Chronicles 26.22; 
         32.20, 32

 ODDED:  2 Chronicles 15.8                
   
 JONAH: 2 Kings 2 14.25 and 39.3 

 SHEMIAH: 2 Chronicles 12.5, 15; Jeremiah 29.31

 IDDO: 2 Chronicles 13.22; Zechariah 1.1,7          

 NODIAH: Nehemiah 6.14 (1) 

 URIAH: Jeremiah 26.20-23 

 ZECHARIAH & HAGGAI: Ezra 5.1, 6.14;

 HAGGAI only: Haggai 1.1, 3, 12; 2.1 & 10       
              
 AMOS: Amos 7.14-15 

 HANANIAH Jeremiah 28.10, 12, 15, 17 

 JEREMIAH: 2 Chr. 36.12; Jer. 1.5; 19.14; 20.1; 25.2-3, 26.12, 
 28.5, 11-12, 15; 29.1, 29; 32.2-3; 34.6; 36.26;  37.2-3, 13; 
 38.9-10, 14; 42.2, 4; 43.6; 45.1; 46.1 & 13; 47.1; 49.34; 
 50.1; 51.59; Dan. 9.2

 HABAKKUK: Habbakuk 1.1 & 3.1 
 
---------------------------------------------------------------------   

1.    Note (1)  vv. share what?    

2.    Note (2) vv. share what?

3.    The following verses make what identification?   1 Samuel 
      9.9-19; 2 Samuel 24.11; 1 Chronicles 21.9; and 2 Chronicles 
      9.29 (Compare Zechariah 1.1 & 7)

4.    The following verses make what identification?  2 Kings 
      17.13; 1 Chronicles 29.29; 2 Chronicles 12.15 & 29.25; 
      and Isaiah 29.10 & 30.10

5.    Compare vv with questions 3 & 4  what problem occurs for 
      the analyst?             

6     Isaiah 6.1; Micah 1.1; Habbakuk; 1.1 & Zechariah 2.1. 
      reflect what conditions?

7.    What information does Deuteronomy 18.21-22 provide? 
      (Questions 8-12 must be answered from the list.)

8.    How do PROPHETIC SCHOOL vv. distinguish "typical" prophets 
      from the sons of/the company of/the kings' prophets?                     

9.    What could make professional prophets less reliable than 
      charismatic prophets?

10.   What difference exists between Elisha and Elijah relative 
      to the school of prophets?          

11.   Gad and Nathan are sometimes called "chaplains"--why?

12.   Which prophet was murdered in cold blood? (Questions 13-15 
      all ask what is the specific problem which the associated 
      verses address?)

13.   Amos 7.14      14.    Exodus 6.30 & Jeremiah 1.6     

15.   1 Kings 19.10 & 14

16.   See vv. from questions 13, 14 & 15, to explain why Amos, 
      Elijah, Jeremiah, Moses and Zechariah are called reluctant 
      prophets.

From Biblical references on the Jewish Tradition, 
identify the following prophets?

17.   Former     18.   Latter    19.   Greater   20.   Lesser/Minor

21.   Daniel & Lamentations, Christian prophetic books, are in 
      what division of the Jewish Bible/TaNaKh?      

22.   Eight Jewish prophetic books are 21 Christian books; explain.

---------------------------------------------------------------------

PROPHECY, in common use, predicts the future. Believers insist 
that God must inspire a prediction--to distinguish it from 
fortune telling. The narrower and more technically restricted 
terms, STRICT PROPHETIC, APOCALYPTIC & ESCHATOLOGICAL Literature 
are used in this section.

STRICT PROPHECY         In good times, warning of future bad times, 
                        if people don't repent.
APOCALYPTIC LIT.        In bad times, promising future good times, 
                        if people repent.
ESCHATOLOGICAL LIT.     Often found with APOCALYPTIC LITERATURE--
                        End Times, Final Judgments, Diaspora 
                        Returns, Peaceable Kingdom, Evil ended.

7.10    Assignment 10 What is PROPHETIC, APOCALYPTIC 
        & ESCHATOLOGICAL LITERATURE ?

Abbreviated below  are Daniel, 2nd. Esdras, Ezekiel, Habbakuk, 
Hosea, Isaiah, Jeremiah, Malachi, Micah, Nahum, Obidiah, 
Zechariah, Zephanaiah & Revelations. Amos & Joel are 
unabbreviated.

Questions 1-5 are the same: "What characterizes the verses with 
the question?"

1.      Isa. 1.2-9; 56.9-12;  Jer. 2.1-37; 5.1-31; 7.23-30; 
        8.1-12; 10.13-17;  Ezk. 4.1-5.17; 20.1-32; 22.1-23.21; 
        Hos. 6.7-11.7; Mic. 6.1-7.7; Hab. 2.6-20; 2Es. 1.1-30.

2.      Isa. 1.10-15; 58.1-14; Jer. 6.20-21; 7.21-22; 9.2-6; 
        18.21-23; Hos. 6.4-6; Amos 5.21-24; Mal. 1.6-2.9; 
        2Es. 1.31.

3.      Isa. 2.6-11; 57.1-13; Jer. 10.1-16; Ezek. 6.1-14; 
        8.1-18.

4.      Isa. 1.21-22; 5.8-23; and Jer. 6.13-19.

5.      Isa. 1.16-20; 50.4-11; 56.1-8; 59.1-21; Jer. 3.1-4.4; 
        7.1-20; 13.15-17; 27.1-28.7; Ezk. 18.1-9; Hos. 5.15-6.3; 
        14.1-9; Joel 2.5-2.27; Amos 5.4-7 & 14-15; Zech. 1.1-6; 
        2Es. 2.15-32; 14.28-35.

Questions 6 - 22  ask you to identify common characteristics of 
the associated verses.

6.      Isa. 1.24-31; 48.1-22

7.      Isa. 2.12-4.1; 5.1-7 and 24-30; 7.10-8.10; 9.8-10.4; 
        28.1-35.10; Jer. 4.5-31; 6.1-12; 8.13-17; 9.7-25; 
        13.20-27; 15.5-9; 21.1-24.10; Ezk. 9.1-11; 11.1-13; 
        12.1-15.8; 16.1-52;18.10-18; 20.33-21.32; 23.22-24.27; 
        33.23-34.10; Hos. 1.2-9; 2.2-13; 4.1-5.14; 12.1-13.16; 
        Joel 1.1-2.11; Amos 2.4-5.3; 5.16--20; 5.27-7.7; 
        7.17-9.10; Obd. 1-16; Mic. 1-3.12;Hab. 2.6-20; Zph. 
        1.2-2.3;33.1-7; Zch. 10.1-15; Rev. 6.1-17;8.1-9.21; 
        14.8-15.1; 2Es.1.32-2.9; 2.10-14; 7.19-25; and 15.5-50.

8.      Jer. 6.22-23 & 25.1-4.

9.      Isa. 10.5-19 & 10.28b-34; 13.1-23.37.22-29; 47.1-15; 
        Jer 25.15-38; 46.1-51.64; Ezk. 25.1-26.21; 28.1-10 & 
        20-23; 29.1-32.32; 35.1-15; Amos 1.1-2.3; Hab. 2.4-15.

10.     Jer. 8.18-9.1; 10.17-25; 11.18-12.6, 12.7-13; 14.1-15.4; 
        15.10-21; 17.12-18; 18.18-23; 20.7-18; Ezk. 19.1-14; 
        28.11-19.

11.     Isa. 40.12-31; 42.8-13; 44.6-8; 44.24-45.13; 46.1-3; 
        50.1-3; 51.1-16; Amos 5.8-9; Nah. 1.1-11.

12.     Isa. 4.2-6; 9.2-7; 27.12-13; 42.5-17; 43.14-44.5; 
        44.21-23; 49.1-26; 51.17-52.17; 57.14-21; 60.1-62.12; 
        66.5-24; Jer. 30.1-31.40; Ezk. 16.53-63; 28.24-26; 
        34.11-16 & 25-31; 36.1-37.28;  40.1-48.35; Hos. 2.14-3.5; 
        11.8-12;  Joel 2.28-3.18; Amos 9.11-15; Obd. 1.17-20; 
        Mic. 4.1-5.15; 7.8-20; Nah. 1.12-2.2; Zph. 3.8-20; 
        Zch. 6.9-15; 8.1-19; 9.9-17; 10.6-12.

13.     Isa. 2.2-5; 11.1-16; 2Es. 7.26-44; 10.25-59; 12.31-34.

14.     Isa. 10.20-27; 27.6-13; Hos. 1.10-11.  

15.     Isa. 26.20-27.1; 40.1-11; 41-42.4; 2Es 5.1-13 & 
        8.63-9.13.

16.     Ezk. 38.1-39.29; Dan. 10.1-12.13; Zch, 1.7-6.5; 9.1-8; 
        12.1-20; Rev. 12.1-13.8; 16.1-20.10; 2Es. 11.1-12.30.

17.     Dan. 7.1-8.27; Joel 3.19-21;  Nah. 2.2-3.19.

18.     Isa. 44.14-25; Jer. 16.19-20; Zph. 1.2-6, 2Es. 1.4-7. 	

19.     Ezk. 18.25-31; 33.7-20.

20.     Isa. 27.2-11; 42.18-43.7; 63.1-6; 65.1-66.4; 
        Ezk. 7.1-27; 11.14-21; 34.17-24; Mal. 3.1-3.24/4.5; 
        2Es. 7.45-7.70/140; 15.51-77.

21.     Isa. 24.1-6, 24.16b; Rev. 20.11-15; 2Es. 13.1-38. 

22.     Ezk. 17.22-24; 2Es. 2.42-48; Rev. 4.1-5.14; 14.1-7; 
        15.2-8.

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7.11    Assignment 11: Where & what were the 
        SHRINES & TEMPLES of Judah & Israel?

Abbreviated below are 1st. & 2nd. Chronicles, Ezekiel, Genesis, 
Haggai, Hosea, Jeremiah, Joshua, Judges, 1st. & 2nd. Kings, 1st. 
& 2nd. Maccabees, Psalms, & 1st. Samuel.

1.      What do we learn of Shilo's early function from the 
        following vv.? Jsh. 18.1 & 8-10; 19.51; 21.1-2; 21.19, 
        22.9 & 12.

2.      What other functions do the following verses show? 
        Jgs. 18.31*; 1Sm. 1.3, 9* & 24*; 2.13-14 & 18-19; 
        3.21; 4.3-4 & 12; 14.3; 1Kg. 2.27*; 14.2 & 4; Jer. 41.5*.

3.      What content in the asterisked verses accompanying 
        question two surprises people?

4.      From Ps. 78.56-60; Jer. 7.12 & 14; 26.6 & 9--identify 
        what happened to Shiloh.

5.      From 1Sm. 21.1 & 6; 22.9-11 & 19--identify what is 
        important about Nob.

6.      From Gen. 12.8; 13.3; 28.17-22; 31.11-13; 35.1, 3, 
        6-8 & 14-16--identify what special people, established 
        Bethel as a center of worship.

7.      From Jsh. 7.2; 8.9, 12 & 17; 12.9 & 16; and Jgs. 
        1.22-24--identify Bethel-site problems.

8.      From Jsh. 16.1-2; 18.13 & 22; Jgs. 4.5; 21.2; 1Sm. 
        7.15-16; 30.26-77; 2Kg. 2.2-3; and 1Ch. 7.28--
        identify what happened later.

9.      From Jgs. 20.18 & 26; and 1Sm. 10.3--identify Bethel's 
        probable short-term status.

10.     From 1Kg. 12.28-13.11; 13.32; 2Kg. 10.29; 17.28; 
        23.4, 15, 17 & 19; Jer. 48. 13; Amos 3.14; 4.4; 5.5-6; 
        7.10 & 13--what is suggested about Bethel?

11.     From Gen. 12.6; 33.18-20; 35.4; & Jsh. 24.32--identify 
        what special people made Shechem a center of worship.

12.     From Jsh. 24.1 & 25--identify what other short-term 
        status Schechem held.

13.     From Jgs. 21.19; 1Ch. 6.67/52; 7.28; Ps. 60.6/8 & 
        108.7; 41.4-5; and Hos. 6.9--identify who possessed 
        Schechem in that period.

14.     From Jgs. 8.31; 9.1-7, 18, 20, 23-28, 31, 34, 39, 41, 
        46, 47, 49, 57; 1Kg. 12.1 & 25; and 2Ch. 10.1--Shechem, 
        an important secular center, serves what political 
        function?

Questions 15-22 ask the same question: 
"What do the associated vv. report?"

15.     1Ch. 16.1 & 4; 17.1-12; 18.5-13; 22.6-17; 23.2-25.9

16.     1Kg. 5.1-9.25; 2Ch. 2.1-7.22; Ezk. 40-46 (Idealized, 
        but some sizes may be accurate.)

17.     1Kg. 8.1-9.9 & 2Ch. 5.1-7.22	

18.     1Kg. 10.4 & 2Ch. 9.3

19.     1Kg. 14.25-27; 2Kg. 16.17-18; 24.10-16; 25.13-17.	

20.     2Mc. 2.4-8

21.     Ezra 1.1-6.22; Hagg. 1.1-2.3; 2.1-9.	

22.     1Mc. 1.20-24; 4.36-59.

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7.12    Assignment 12: CODES and COVENANTS

Books used are 2nd. Chronicles, Deuteronomy, Exodus, Genesis, 
Hosea, Isaiah, Jeremiah, 1st. & 2nd. Kings, Leviticus, Nehemiah, 
Psalms, 1st. & 2nd. Samuel, and Sirach.

A.      Gen. 21.27; 31.44; 1Sm. 18.1-4; 1Kg. 5.12; and Amos 1.9. 

B.      Gen. 17.4-14.		

C.      Gen. 15.17-21; & Pss. 74.18-23, 105.7-11 & 111.

D.      2Sm. 7.1-29; 2Ch. 21.7; Isa. .55.1-15; & 
        Jer. 5-9.33.14-26

E.      2Kg. 11.17 and 23.1-3	

F.      Isa. 59.20-21; Jer. 11. 1-17; and Hos. 8.1-3.

G.      Neh. 9.38-10.39; Isa. 44. 8-13;  and Jer. 31.31-37.	

H.      Genesis 9.1-17.

I.      Exd. 20.2-17; Deu. 5.6-21. (Also see appendix on Hours.)

J.      Exd. 19.16-24.18, cf. Sir. 17.11-13.

K.      Exd. 34.10-28; cf. 22.29-30; & 23.12, 15 & 19.

L.      Lev. 17-26.				

M.      Deu. 4.13-14 & Deu. 12-26. (Chapters)

N.      Deu. 27.1-34.12				

O.      Deu. 27.1-26.

1.      How do vv. under A. differ from those in all other 
        sections?

2.      How are vv. under B & C related?	

3.      How do they differ respectively?	

4.      What do D & E verses share?		

5.      How do they differ?

6.      Characterize vv. under F.		

7.      Characterize vv. under G.

8.      How do vv. under H differ from vv. under B  to G.

Vv. from the Biblical code, the 10 Commandments, 
with 12 actual segments, answer questions  9-11.

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 

T H E   T E N   C O M M A N D E N T S  (Exo 34.27 & Deu 4.13)

[cf. Youngblood, Ronald. "Counting the Ten Commandments." 
     _Bible Review_. X.6 (Dec. 1994): 30-35.

Exodus 20.2 and Deuteronmony 5.6

The entire Jewish                             1st. commandment.

The 1st  of two vv. of the Protestant 
& Eastern Orthodox                            1st. commandment.

The 1st  of 5 vv. of the Roman Catholic 
& Lutheran                                    1st. commandment.

----

Exodus 20.3 and Deuteronomy 5.7

The 1st  of 4 vv. of the Jewish               2nd. commandment.

The 2nd  and last verse of the Protestant 
& Eastern Orthodox                            1st. commandment.

The 2nd  of 5 vv. of the Roman Catholic 
& Lutheran                                    1st. commandment.

----

Exodus 20.4-6 and Deuteronomy 5.8-10

The 2nd through 4th & last verse of the 
Jewish                                        2nd. commandment.

The entire Protestant & Eastern 
Orthodox                                      2nd. commandment.

The 3rd through 5th & last vv. of the 
Roman Catholic & Lutheran                     1st. commandment.

----

Exodus 20.7 and Deuteronomy 5.11

The entire Jewish, Protestant and 
Eastern Orthodox                              3rd. commandment.

The entire Roman Catholic and 
Lutheran                                      2nd. commandment.

----

Exodus 20.8-11 and Deuteronomy 5.12-15

The entire Jewish, Protestant and Eastern 
Orthodox                                      4th. commandment.

The entire Roman Catholic 
and Lutheran                                  3rd. commandment.

----

Exodus 20.12 and Deuteronomy 5.16

The entire Jewish, Protestant and Eastern 
Orthodox                                      5th. commandment.

The entire Roman Catholic 
and Lutheran                                  4th. commandment.

----

Exodus 20.13 and Deuteronomy 5.17

The entire Jewish, Protestant and Eastern 
Orthodox                                      6th. commandment.

The entire Roman Catholic 
and Lutheran                                  5th. commandment.

----

Exodus 20.14 and Deuteronomy 5.18

The entire Jewish, Protestant and Eastern 
Orthodox                                      7th. commandment.

The entire Roman Catholic 
and Lutheran                                  6th. commandment.

----

Exodus 20.15 and Deuteronomy 5.19

The entire Jewish, Protestant and Eastern 
Orthodox                                      8th. commandment.

The entire Roman Catholic 
and Lutheran                                  7th. commandment.

----

Exodus 20.16 and Deuteronomy 5.20

The entire Jewish, Protestant and Eastern 
Orthodox                                      9th. commandment.

The entire Roman Catholic 
and Lutheran                                  8th. commandment.

----

Exodus 20.17a and Deuteronomy 5.21b

Part of the Jewish, Protestant and 
Eastern Orthodox                             10th. commandment.

The entire Roman Catholic 
and Lutheran                                  9th. commandment.

----

Exodus 20.17b and Deuteronomy 5.21a

The rest of the Jewish, Protestant and 
Eastern Orthodox                             10th. commandment.

The entire Roman Catholic 
and Lutheran                                 10th. commandment.

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

9.      Why are there three different ways of numbering the 
        commandments instead of just one?

10.     How do the last 2 sentences of the Exodus & Deuteronomy 
        lists differ? [The question is about organization, not 
        content or vocabulary.]

11.     What is unusual about contrasting Exd. 20.8-11 and 
        Deu. 5.12-15?

Questions 12-19 return to the verse groups on the page before 
the commandment page.

12.     J's vv. are called the Covenant Code or Book of the 
        Covenant., also known by a geographic referent: the 
        Code of **** or the ****-tic Code. What is the 
        geographic feature?

13.     K's vv. ,  the Ritual Decalogue, partly overlap  J. 
        This J "highlights" serves what purpose?

14, 15, 16.     L 's vv.  are the Holiness Code. 
                Identify the 3 meanings of Holy which occur.

17.     M's vv.  are called the Deuteronomic Code. How does 
        it relate to Codes under I, J, K, & L?

18.     N's vv. are known as the "Code/Covenant of ****" 
        which name is a geographical region not mentioned 
        in the vv.; find where the Code is given from 
        atlases and other Biblical aids.

19.     What is special about the vv. under O, a subset of N?

Adam, Noah, Abraham, Isaac, Jacob & Moses often represent others 
in a covenant. Who are represented?

20.     Adam and Noah represent whom?	

21.     Abraham, Jacob, Isaac and Moses represent whom?

22.     Using reference works, find the other name for 
        "Holiness" Code?

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7.13    Assignment 13: LYRIC LITERATURE

        Many selections here suggest genres other than songs, e.g., 
blessings, prayers, oracles  etc. However, anthems, canticles, 
graduals, hymns, introits, offertories, orisons, prefaces, proces-
sionals, recessionals etc. are songs which serve other functions. 
Some hymns, e.g., are originally Biblical prose adapted for musical 
settings. Anglican plain chant, Gregorian chant, Russian choral 
chant etc. put any prose texts  into musical format.

        There is no consensus that all selections to follow are 
songs, yet each one must have song-like or lyric qualities; other-
wise, no scholar would have claimed it as a "song." As such judg-
ments are very subjective, some authorities use the term Lyric 
Literature to embrace both songs & song-like or lyric prose for 
such material.

	Dual classifications exist. Wisdom Psalms are Wisdom in 
content, Lyric in form. Some canticles in Luke are Infancy-
Narrative in content but Lyric in form. Other literature can 
also have dual classification. Job's dialogues could have triple 
classification: in content, Wisdom , in organization, Dramatic; 
but, in form, Poetic.

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 

LYRIC LITERATURE Parallels: 

Questions 1-3.

Song of Jacob, Genesis 49 compared with Blessing of Moses, 
Deuteronomy 33.

Gen. 49. 3-4              with Deut. 33. 6
Gen. 49. 5-7              with Deut. 33.11
Gen. 49. 8-121            with Deut. 33. 7
Gen. 49. 13               with Deut. 33.18a
Gen. 49. 14-15            with Deut. 33.18b-19
Gen. 49. 16-17            with Deut. 33.22
Gen. 49. 18               with Deut. 33.26
Gen. 49. 19               with Deut. 33.20-21
Gen. 49. 20               with Deut. 33.24-25
Gen. 49. 21               with Deut. 33.23
Gen. 49. 27               with Deut. 33.12

1       See also Psalm 78.67-8, Genesis 49.10a, & Deuteronomy 
        33.13-17 (1), especially 33.16b.

1.      What tribe is missing in the Blessing of Moses in the 
        Hebrew text?

2.      Note vv. followed by 1, Which of the two selections 
        is earlier?

3.      Note vv. followed by 1, Why is it earlier? [A textual, 
        not traditional, answer is needed here?]

Questions 4 & 5.

Verses in Exodus 15 compared with verses from various books.

Exodus 15. 1b   	        with Exodus 15.21b,2
Exodus 15. 2a   	        with Psalm 118.14,
Exodus 15. 2b   	        with Daniel  2.23,
Exodus 15. 3    	        with Psalm  24. 8,
Exodus 15. 4-5  	        with Psalm 106.10-11,
Exodus 15. 6-10 	        with Psalm  77.16-20,
Exodus 15.11-13 	        with Psalm  86.8, 10 & 13.

4.      Note vv. followed by 2, how does this parallel differ from 
        the remaining part of the parallel?

5.      What argues for Exodus 15.1b-13 being a song even if verse 
        1a had not told?Questions 6 & 7.

Popular song lines often repeat; the two related NON-PARALLEL sets 
below contain vv. to answer questions 6 & 7. 

Numbers 6.25,           Numbers 6.26,   
Psalm  31.16,           Psalm   4. 6b,          
Psalm  67. 1,           Psalm  44. 3b,
Psalms 80.3, 7 & 19.    Psalm  89.15b.	
                                               
6.      What kind of prayers are they both?

7.      Musically, identify the use of the line in Psalms 80.3, 
        7 & 19?

Numbers, chapters 23 & 24 contain poetic oracles to answer 
questions 8, 9 & 10. Numbers 23. 7b-10, 23.18b-24, 24. 2b-9, 
24.15b-24.

8.      How does Israel differ from nations in the 1st oracle?	

9.      How does Israel differ from nations in the 2nd  oracle?

10.     In content, what genres are oracles 3 & 4?

11.     Deuteronomy 32.1-43, The Song of Moses, has prophetic 
        content in vv. 1-33. What content have vv. 34-43?

12.     2 Samuel 1.17-27. What is missing from David's Lament/
        Elegy/Eulogy?

13.     2 Samuel 23.1-7. What does David's Last Song celebrate?

14.     Job 14.1-21.2. Several vv. suggest what view, unshared 
        by conservative Christians & Orthodox Jews?

15.     Job 28.1-20.: What literature, in content, is this 
        poetry?

Question 16.

Compare  Ps.  14. 1- 7   with   Ps.  53. 1 - 6,
Compare  Ps.  18. 2-50   with   2Sm. 22. 2b-51,
Compare  Ps.  40.13-17   with   Ps.  70. 1 - 5,
Compare  Ps.  57. 7-11   with   Ps. 108. 1 - 5,
Compare  Ps.  60- 5-12   with   Ps. 108. 6 -13,
Compare  Ps.  95. 1      with   Ps. 100. 1 - 2,
Compare  Ps.  95. 2      with   Ps. 100. 4,
Compare  Ps.  95. 6- 7   with   Ps. 100. 3,
Compare  Ps.  96. 1-13   with   1Ch. 16.23 -33
Compare  Ps. 105. 1-15   with   1Ch. 16. 8 -22

16.     Why? 

17.     Ecclesiastes 3.1-10.  In the mid-sixties, a group--
        the Byrds--based a folk song on these vv. The title 
        had "Turn, Turn" in it. Of what do these words 
        remind us? (Use verses 2.25 & 3.10-11 to help you 
        interpret.)

18.     2.10b-13, 1.12-14, 5.2-6, 7.1-9. Song of Song vv. 
        in chapter 2 are often cited, so I include them, 
        but the question concerns the other verses. Why might 
        some rabbis at Jabneh/ Jamnia not have accepted "The 
        Lord and his people" allegory?

19.     Isa. 12.2-6, 55.6-11. If you had not known that the 
        two portions were from Isaiah, from what book might 
        you have identified them, both in content and form?

20.     Prayer of Manasseh. If you had to name the literature 
        to which this belongs--in content, not form, what 
        would be the name?

21.     1Sm.  2. 1a-10, Luke  1.68 -79, 1.46-55,Gen. 16.12, 
        Luke  1.76 -79, 2.29-32, 3.4b-6 & 18-19 are not 
        PROPHETIC LITERATURE in the technical use of the 
        term except possibly Gen. 16.12. They are LYRIC 
        LITERATURE in form. What are they in content?

22.     How can vv. Rev. 4.11, 5. 9b-10, 12b & 13b. be a song 
        if they are so divided.

---------------------------------------------------------------------

7.14    Assignment 14: FIRST FRUITS,
        HUMAN SACRIFICES and HOLY WAR.

Gen. 22.1-13 (first-born son  of his wife); Exd. 12.11-13 & 
29 (3); 13.13b-15; 22.29b-30; 23.16 & 19; 34.19-20; Lev. 
23.10-11; 27: 26-29; Num. 15.20-21; 18.12-17; Deu. 14.23; 
15.19-21 (1); 18.4 (2); 21.15-17 (4); 26.1-4 & 10; Pro. 
3.9-10; Neh. 10.35-37.

 1.     What 3 kinds of 1st. fruit offerings, required by God, 
        are most frequently mentioned.

 2.     (1) What two reasons prevent first fruits from being 
        offered? 

 3.     (2) What two kinds of first fruits are to be ransomed?

 4.     What happens to the first fruits which are not ransomed?

 5.     From what then do many authorities conclude that human 
        first fruits are ransomed? (Compare Gen. 22.1-13 and 
        Lev. 27.28-29)

 6.     (3) However, our attention is drawn away from this 
        possibility, and a different association with first 
        fruits is made--what is it?

 7.     (4) How are human first fruits exalted?

 8.     The first born among humans which the verses discuss are 
        not necessarily the actual first born technically. Which 
        first-born humans are not taken into consideration?

 9.     Regarding human first fruits, the Israelites' Canaanite 
        neighbors are more consistent, in a way not permitted to 
        Jews--how? (The information is not explicit in the vv. 
        provided; you will have to deduce the answer. Hint: review 
        question five.)

10.     How do we know that the Egyptians did not follow the 
        Caananite custom of offering first fruits? (Hint: review 
        question six.)

11.     For this question, quickly review Samuel, Samson & John 
        the Baptist in the Infancy narratives. How are they a com-
        promise between being "devoted to" and "ransomed from" God?

12.     Jesus/Jeshua, Mary's/Miriam's "first-born" son's death 
        has allusions from studying 1st. fruits--both too many to 
        address here & too delicate, due to diverse faith under-
        standings, to treat directly in a constitutionally non-
        sectarian public forum. Metaphorically, then, the "sacri-
        fice" & "draining of blood" from the spear wound allude to 
        pagan Canaanite practice, how? How do they compromise be-
        tween being "devoted to" & "ransomed from" God?

13.     Read Lev. 18.21 and 2Kgs. 3.27 & 16.3. Who normally burned 
        children as sacrifices?

14.     Read Exd. 13.2 and 22.29-30. What do these verses hint at?

15.     Read Gen. 22.1-19. Why might Abraham not have complained of 
        God's order? (Do not consider faith or obedience.)

16.     Read Deu. 18.9-14 (particularly 10) & Isa. 57.5 to 
        determine God's law about child sacrifice?

17.     Read Exd. 13.13-15 & 34.20 and Num. 18.15, and determine 
        what compromise God provides between Canaanite "typical 
        practice" and his "new" law.

18.     Considering the answers to questions 15-17, the changing 
        focus shows what development?

19.     Read Jdg. 11.29-40; 1Kg. 16.34; 2Kg. 16.3, 17.17, 21.6, 
        23.10; Jer 7.31, 15.5, 32.35; and Mic. 6.7. What sad fact 
        do these record?

20.     Why are vv. in Jsh. 6.21 and 1Sm. 15.18 & 33 associated 
        with offerings/sacrifices?

21.     How do vv. in Jsh. 7.10-26 (mainly 15); Jdg. 8.18-21; & 
        2Sm. 21.1-9 associate with offerings/sacrifices?

22.     How else might these deaths be understood?

Human sacrifice requires some knowledge of sacrificial offerings. 
Before the exam., find such offerings defined in Bible references, 
make notes, then match to exam choices. (Questions 23-31)

23.     Holocaust  'oola- / kaali-l			

24.     Communion Sacrifice  zebah- / sh:laami-m=

25.     Sacrifice of praise / thanksgiving toodha-

26.     Freewill / Voluntary Offering  n:dhaaba-	

27.     Votive Offering  neder

28.     Sin / Guilt Offering  h-at-t-aa"th / "aashaam		

29.     Gift / Oblation minh-a-

30.     Showbread / Bread of Presence 
        leh-em= happaani- m =/ hamma'a:reketh

31.     Incense/Perfume Offering  q:t-ooreth

Characterize the vv. in

32.     Exd. 15.3;Num. 10.35; Isa. 59.17; and Eph. 6.10-17.

33.     2Sm. 22.29-43				

34.     Num.33. 50-53 and Deu. 2.31-3.22.

35.     Pss. 18; 20.6-9; 68.1-3 & 28-31; 98.1-3; 118.5-14; 124; 
        144.1-4; Mic. 4.11-13; & 1Mc. 3.42-53.

36.     Deu. 9.1-5 and Ps. 44.1-8.	

37.     Exd.23.27-33 & Deu. 11.25.	

38.     Deu. 32.8.

39.     Deu. 20.16-18  & 25.17-19; Jsh. 6.17-19 & 11.8-15; & 
        1Sm.15.1-3.

40.     Deu. 13.12-18.	

41.     Deu. 20.1-15.	

42.     Deu. 21.10-14.	

43.     Deu. 24.5		

44.     Deu. 23.10-14.

---------------------------------------------------------------------

8.00:  APPENDICES.

8.01:  Archangels in Scripture. 

8.02:  Verses to Monastery to Industrial Revolution.

8.03:  Transliteration Equivalents Used in this Syllabus.

8.04:  Biblical Reference Works.

---------------------------------------------------------------------

APPENDIX 8.01: Archangels in Scripture

The Seven Archangels, Spirits of the Presence\Before the Throne 
of God from _Ethiopian Enoch_. This book is uncanonical outside 
Ethiopian Coptic Christianity  (All seven Archangels are listed 
in Enoch's chapter 20 which vv. are bracketed by carets below.)

Canonicity of other works in which archangels are cited.

The Jewish Hebrew/Aramaic scripture, Daniel, is canonical for 
	Jews and Christians.

The Jewish Greek scripture, Tobit, is canonical for Roman 
	Catholics and for Eastern Orthodox Christians

The Jewish Greek scripture 2/4 Esdras (only surviving texts 
	in Latin), is canonical for some, not all, Eastern 
	Orthodox Christians.

The Christian Greek scriptures, Luke, is canonical for all 
	Christians.

The Christian Greek scriptures, Jude & Revelations, are 
	canonical for all Christians except for those in the 
	Syrian Orthodox Church.

List of Names and Particulars of each of the seven Archangels

1.	Gabriel: "Strong Man of God." Cited in Ethiopian Enoch 
		in the following vv: 9.1, 10.9, >20.7<, 50.9, 
		54.6, and 71.8,9 & 13. Cited in Daniel 8.16, & 
		9.21 as well as in Luke 1.19 & 1.26.
	
	Greek & Hebrew tranliterations: Gabri!e:l & 
		gabhri-"eel

	Greek & Hebrew transcriptions:  Γ α β ρ ι ή λ & גַבְרִאֵל

2.	Jeremiel / Remiel: "God loosens (the womb)" Cited in 
		Ethiopian Enoch in v. >20.8< and in 2nd/4th 
		Esdras 4.36.

	Greek & Hebrew transliterations: Iereme!e:l & 
		j:reeh-m:"e-l
                                                                      
	Greek & Hebrew transcriptions:  Ι ε ρ ε μ ε ή λ & יְרֵחְמְאֵיל

3.	Michael: "Who is like God?" Cited in Ethiopian Enoch 
		vv. 9.1, 10.10, >20.5<, 24.6, 50.9, 54.6, 
		60.4 & 5, 69. 14 & 15,  and 79.3, 8, 9 & 13. 
		Cited in Daniel 10.13 & 21 and 12.1 as well 
		as in Jude 9 and Rev. 12.7.

	Greek & Hebrew transliterations: M(e)ikha!e:l & 
		mi-khaa"e-l

	Greek & Hebrew transcriptions:  Μ (ε)ι χ α ή λ & מִּיכָאֵיל

4.	Raguel / Reuel: "Companion of God."  Cited in 
		Ethiopian Enoch in vv. >20.4< and 23.4.

	Greek & Hebrew transliterations: Ragou!e:l & 
		r:u-"eel

	Greek & Hebrew transcriptions:  Ρ α γ ο υ ή λ & רְעוּאֵל

5.	Raphael: "Healing of God." Cited in Ethiopian Enoch 
		in vv. 9.1, 10.4, >20.3<, 22.3 & 6, 50.9, 
		54.6, and 71. 8, 9 & 13. Cited in Tobit 
		3.17, 7.8, 8.2, 9.1, 11,7 & 12.15.

	Greek & Hebrew transliterations: Rapha!e:l & 
		r:phaa"e-l

	Greek & Hebrew transcriptions:  Ρ α φ α ή λ & רְפָאֵיל

6.	Sariel / Saraqael: "Command / Light of God." Cited 
		in Ethiopian Enoch in v. >20.5<. (Great 
		variation in Greek equivalents make it 
		impossible for me to choose one form as 
		representative.)

	The Hebrew transliteration: z:haari-"e-l

	The Hebrew transcription:  זְהָרִיאֵיל 

7.	Suriel / Uriel "Flame of / My light is God" Cited 
		in Ethiopian Enoch vv. 9.1, 10.1, 19.1, 
		>20.2<, 33.3, 72.1, 74.2, 75.3 & 4, 78.10 
		and 80.1. Cited also in 2nd/4th Esdras 
		in vv 4.1 & 5.20.

	Greek & Hebrew transliterations: Ouri!e:l & 
		"u-ri-"eel

	Greek & Hebrew transcriptions:  Ο υ ρ ι ή λ & אוּרִיאֵל	

Seven Angels of the Presence are cited in Tobit v. 12.15 
		and in Rev. 1.4 and 4.5.

Many of the angel names listed here have alternate 
	spellings in various source texts as well as 
	alternate names in texts with comparable 
	contexts and content. I have chosen repre-
	sentative forms recognizable by a variety 
	of authorities and traditions.

Prepared for Biblical & Classical Literature, ENG 130, 
	and for Literature of the Bible, ENG 330 by 
	Melvin J. Hoffman Last Update 12/20/2006

APPENDICES.

---------------------------------------------------------------------

8.02:  Verses to Monastery to Industrial Revolution.

FROM BIBLE VERSES, TO MONASTIC PRAYERS, TO MATINS-RINGING PENDULUM 
CLOCKS, TO SPRING-DRIVEN CLOCKS, TO CHRONOMETERS, TO PRE-RADIO 
INTERNATIONAL SEA AND AIR NAVAGATION.

Benedictine Office                  MATINS

General Time                        Night/Midnight
Approximate Mean Times              12 - 3 AM
Notes on Approximate Mean Times     b, d
Roman Hours                         Cockcrow, 3rd. Watch
Biblical vv. Relevant to           
     Prayer Time                    Ps. 119.62, Acts 16.25 (MATINS 
                                    not long said at midnight but  
                                    soon forwarded to join with  
                                    LAUDS as one of 7 daily 
                                    offices [See Ps. 119]) 

Benedictine Office                  LAUDS

General Time                        Early Morning/Predawn
Approximate Mean Times              3 - 6 AM
Notes on Approximate Mean Times     None
Roman Hours                         Morning/4th Watch
Biblical vv. Relevant to            
     Prayer Time                    Ex. 14.24; 1 Sam 1.11;  
                                    Mt 14.25; Mk. 1.35 & 6.47-8

Benedictine Office                  PRIME

General Time                        Sunrise
Approximate Mean Times              6 - 9 AM
Notes on Approximate Mean Times     a, c, e
Roman Hours                         First Hour
Biblical vv. Relevant to            
     Prayer Time                    Isa 59.18 (Not always clear 
                                    when translated: "East.")

Benedictine Office                  TERCE

General Time                        Midmorning
Approximate Mean Times              9 AM - 12 PM
Notes on Approximate Mean Times     e
Roman Hours                         Third Hour
Biblical vv. Relevant to            
     Prayer Time                    Mk.15.25*, Acts 2.15

Benedictine Office                  SEXT  
    
General Time                        Noon
Approximate Mean Times              12 - 3 PM
Notes on Approximate Mean Times     a, e
Roman Hours                         Sixth Hour
Biblical vv. Relevant to            
     Prayer Time                    Mt. 27.45*; Mk. 15.33*; Lk. 
                                    23.44; Jn, 19.14*; Acts 10.9

Benedictine Office                  NONE

General Time                        Afternoon
Approximate Mean Times              3 - 6 PM
Notes on Approximate Mean Times     e
Roman Hours                         Ninth Hour
Biblical vv. Relevant to            
     Prayer Time                    Acts 3.1, 10.2-3 & 10.30.

Benedictine Office                  VESPERS

General Time                        Sunset/Evening
Approximate Mean Times              6 - 9 PM
Notes on Approximate Mean Times     a, b, c, e
Roman Hours                         Evening/1st Watch
Biblical vv. Relevant to            
     Prayer Time                    Deu. 16.5; 1 kgs. 18.36; 
                                    Ps. 141.2

Benedictine Office:                 COMPLINE

General Time                        Early Night
Approximate Mean Times              9 PM - 12 AM
Notes on Approximate Mean Times     b, d
Roman Hours                         Midnight/Middle/2nd. Watch
Biblical vv. Relevant to            
     Prayer Time                    Jdg. 7.19

An asterisk on a verse marks a passion reference.

Notes a: Deu. 29.38-42, ps. 55.17-18;
      b: Ps. 63.6-7;
      c: Ps. 114.3, Mk. 13.35;
      d: Lk. 12.36;
      e: Jn. 11.9     
    
Appendix for ENG 130, Biblical & Classical Literature; 
and ENG 330, Literature of the Bible

=====================================================================

Sources:

Daniel J. Boorstin, _The Discoverers_, (New York: Random House, 
     1983): 36-41.

James Burke, _Connections_, (Boston: Little, Brown and Co, 1978): 
     128-35.

David S. Landes, _Revolution in Time: Clocks and the Making of 
     the Modern World_, (2nd. Ed. Cambridge, Massachusetts: 
     Harvard University Press, 2000): 53-62 and 438-440, nn. 18, 
     24 and 25.

Melvin J. Hoffman ENG Dept. Prepared: 2/17/87/. Rev: 6/ 1/88, 
     2/ 8/94, 1/16/91, 1/12/94, 1/12/95, 5/21/97, 11/28/2005, 
     3/16/2007
   
=====================================================================

8.03:  Transliteration Equivalents Used in this Syllabus.

For Students who may Know Greek and/or Hebrew, this Is the Syl-
labus' Use of Hebrew & Greek Transliteration (not Transcript-
ion) System for ENG 130, Biblical & Classical Literature and 
ENG 330, Literature of the Bible. (Only ASCII Characters; No 
Enhancements or Embedded Codes.)

Alpha           is marked by A  or a		
Beta            is marked by B  or b		
Gamma           is marked by G  or g		
Delta           is marked by D  or d		
Epsilon         is marked by E  or e		
Zeta            is marked by Z  or z		
Eta             is marked by E: or e:		
Theta           is marked by Th or th		
Iota            is marked by I  or i		
Kappa           is marked by K  or k           
Lambda          is marked by L  or l		
Mu              is marked by M  or m		
Nu              is marked by N  or n   		
Xi              is marked by Ks or ks 		
Omicron         is marked by O  or o 	 	
Pi              is marked by P  or p 		
Rho             is marked by R  or r  		
Sigma           is marked by S , s or c		
Tau             is marked by T  or t    		
Upsilon         is marked by U  or  u		
Phi             is marked by Ph or ph		
Chi             is marked by Kh or kh		
Psi             is marked by Ps or ps 		
Omega           is marked by O: or o: 		
                            		
Iota Subscripts 
Alpha  Iota Subscript  is marked by a=  
Omega  Iota Subscript  is marked by o= and 
Eta    Iota Subscript  is marked by e=.       		

Accents (Prevowel) 		
Acute           is marked by !		
Circumflex:     is marked by "
Grave           is marked by '                  
                            		
Breathings:  
Smooth          is marked by Unmarked; 
Rough           is marked by marked h or H, 
but with "r"    is transliterated after it.         		
                            		
Raised Stop:    is marked by -
Full Stop:      is marked by .		
Interrogative:  is marked by ;
		
---------------------------------------------------------------------

In all cases, "aalep=  is marked by "

Normally,     be-th    is marked by bh 
but with daageesh lene           as b

Normally,     gi-mel   is marked by gh
but with daageesh lene           as g

Normally,     daleth   is marked by dh
but with daageesh lene           as d

Normally,     hee      is marked by h
but with mappi-q                 as h=

Non-vocalic   vaav     is marked by v 

In all cases, zajin    is marked by z

In all cases, h-e-th   is marked by h-

In all cases, t-e-th   is marked by t-

Non-vocalic   jo-dh    is marked by j 

Normally,     kap=     is marked by kh
but with daageesh lene           as k
or when final                    as k=

In all cases, laamedh  is marked by l

Normally,     me-m=    is marked by m
but when final                   as m=

Normally,     nu-n=    is marked by n
but when final                   as n=

In all cases, saamek=  is marked by s

In all cases, 'aji-n=  is marked by '

Normally,     pee      is marked by ph
but with daageesh lene           as p
or when final                    as p=

Normally,     z-aadhe- is marked by z-
or when final                    as z=

In all cases, qop=     is marked by q

In all cases, re-sh    is marked by r

In all cases, s-i-n=   is marked by s-

In all cases, shi-n=   is marked by sh

Normally,     taav     is marked by th 
but with daageesh lene           as t
		
                                sh:wa- (vocal)     is marked by   :

s:gho-l    is marked by e  and  h-aat-eep= s:gho-l is marked by  e:

pathah-    is marked by a  and  h-aat-eep= pathah- is marked by  a:

qaamez= 
h-aat-u-p= is marked by o  and  h-aat-eep= qaamez= is marked by  o:


h-i-req    is marked by  i and  h-i-req (long)     is marked by  i-
(short)

z-eere-    is marked by ee and  z-eere- (+ jo-dh)  is marked by  e-

qaamez= 
raah-aabh  is marked by aa and  qaamez= (+ hee)    is marked by  a-

h-oolem=   is marked by oo and  h-oolem= (+ vaav)  is marked by  o-

qibbu-z=   is marked by  u and  shu-req            is marked by  u-


Capitalized Vowel(s) Mark Stress  on Words of 3 or more Syllables 
or on 2-Syllable mil'e-l words, if any Marking Is Needed

=====================================================================

8.04:  Biblical Reference Works.

(The Core of this Bibliography was Prepared by and is Re-
produced with the Gracious Permission of Dr. David Lampe.  
Some Deletions and Additions Made Serve this Course's 
Specific Needs. The Format, Altered from Dr. Lampe's,
Conforms to Use Elsewhere in this Syllabus.)

BIBLE DICTIONARIES

Achtemeir, P.J. ed.  _Harper's Bible Dictionary_ NY: Harper  Row, 
     1985--Ref. BS/440/H237.

Alexander, Pat. ed. _Eerdman's Concise Bible Encyclopedia_ Grand 
     Rapids, MI: Eerdman's Publishing Co., 1980--BS/417/E342.

Buttrick, G.A. ed. _The Interpreter's Dictionary of the Bible_ NY: 
     Abingdon Press, 1962--BS/440/I63.

Davis, John D. _Davis' Dictionary of the Bible_ Grand Rapids, MI: 
     Baker Book House, 1961--BS/440/D3.

Gehman, H.S. ed. _New Westminster Dictionary of the Bible_ PA: 
     Westminster, 1970-BS/440/G4.

Hastings, J. ed. _Dictionary of the Bible_ Rev. F.C. Grant  H.H. 
     Rowley. NY: Scribner's, 1963--BS/440/H5.

Smith, William Jr. _The New Smith's Bible Dictionary_ Rev. by R.G. 
     Lemmons with V. Gideon, R.F. Gribble,  J.W. Roberts. Garden 
     City, NY: Doubleday, 1966--BS/440/S67

Unger, M.F. _Unger's Bible Dictionary_ 3rd. Ed. Chicago: Moody 
     Press, 1966--BS/440/V5.

Wigoder, Geoffrey. Gen. ed. _Illustrated Dictionary & Concordance 
     of the Bible_ eds. Old Testament, Shalom M. Paul; New Testa-
     ment, Benedict T. Viviano; Biblical Archaeology, Ephraim 
     Stern. NY: MacMillan, 1986--BS/440/I36.

COMMENTARIES

_Anchor Bible_ 59 Volumes Planned. NY: Doubleday, 1964--
     BS/192.2/A1

Brown, R.R. ed. _Jerome Biblical Commentary_ Englewood Cliffs, NJ: 
     Prentice-Hall, 1968--BS/491.2/B7.

Buttrick, G.A. ed. _The Interpreter's Bible: A Commentary in 12 
     Volumes_Nashville, TN: Abingdon, 1951-57--Ref. BS/491.2/I55.

Clarke, W.K.L. ed. _Concise Bible Commentary_ NY: MacMillan, 1953
     --BS/491/C625.

Dancy, J.C; Fuerst, W.J.; and Hammer, R.J. eds. _The Shorter 
     Books of the Apocrypha N.E.B._ Cambridge U. Press, 1972
     --BS/I695/D3.

Davies, G.H.; Richardson, A; Wallis, C.L. eds. >The Twentieth 
     Century Bible Commentary< Rev. ed. NY: Harper,1955-BS/491/T4

Eiselen, F.C. ed. _Abingdon Bible Commentary_ NY: Abingdon, 1929--
     BS/491/E5.

Guthrie, D.; Motyer, J.A.;  Davidson, F. eds. _The New Bible 
     Commentary. R.S.V._ Rev. Grand Rapids, MI: Eerdmans, 1970
     --BS/491.2/G8.

Hertz, J.H. ed. _The Pentateuch & Haftorahs: Hebrew Text, English 
     Translation & Commentary_ 2nd. ed. Soncino Press, 1981--
     BS/I225/H47.

Lace, O.J. ed. _Understanding the New Testament_ Cambridge U. 
     Press, 1965--BS/2530/L32.

Mays, J.L. ed. _Harper's Bible Commentary_ NY: Harper  Row, 1988
     --Ref. BS/491.2/H37.

SOURCES

de Vaux, Roland. _Ancient Israel: its Life Institutions_ NY: 
     McGraw-Hill, 1961--BS/112/V313.

Pritchard, John B. _The Ancient Near East: An Anthology of Texts 
     and Pictures. 2 Volumes_ Princeton, NJ: Princeton Press, 
     1958--BS/1180/P82.

Thomas, D.W. ed. _Documents from Old Testament Times_ NY: Harper, 
     1961--BS/1180/S66.

CONCORDANCES

Cruden, Alexander. ed. _Complete Concordance_ Chicago: Winston, 
     1930--BS/425/C85.

Joy, Charles R. _A Concordance of Bible Readings_ Cleveland: 
     World Publishing Co., 1965--BS/432/J618.

Metzger, B.M. ed. _A Concordance  to the Apocryphal/Deutero-
     canonical Books of the R.S.V._ Grand Rapids, MI: Eerdmans/
     London: Collins, 1983--BS/1700/C66.

_Nelson's Complete Concordance_ Nashville, TN: Nelson, 1957
     --BS/425/E4.

_Oxford Cyclopedic Concordance_ London: Oxford Press, 1947
     --BS/425/O9.

Strong, James. ed. _Exhaustive Concordance. K.J._ NY: Abingdon-
     Cokebury P., 1953--BS/425/S8.

Young, Robert ed. _Analytical Concordance to the Bible_ 
     Nashville, TN: T Nelson, 1980--BS/425/Y7.

ENCYCLOPEDIAS/DICTIONARIES OF RELIGION.

Addis, W.E.  Arnold, Thomas eds. _A Catholic Dictionary_ St. 
     Louis: B. Herder, 1960--BX/841/A3.

Angeles, P.A. ed. _Dictionary of Christian Theology_ San 
     Francisco: Harper  Row, 1985--BR/95/A54.

Cross, F.L.   Livingstone, E.A. _The Oxford Dictionary of the 
     Christian Church_ 2nd. ed. London/NY: Oxford U. Press, 
     1974--BR/95/O8.

Elwell, W.A. ed. _Evangelical Dictionary of Theology_ Grand 
     Rapids, MI: Baker Book House, 1984--BR/95/E87.

_Encyclopedia Judaica_ NY: McMillan, 1972--DS/102.8/E496.

Erickson, Millard J. _Concise Dictionary of Christian Theology_ 
     Grand Rapids, MI: Baker Book House, 1986--BR/95/E75.

Gouker, Loice. Compiler. _Dictionary of Church Terms and 
     Symbols_ Ed. by C.F. Weidmann. Norwalk, CT: C.R. Gison Co., 
     1964--BR/95/N38.

Komonchak, J.A., Collins, Mary  Dermot, A.L. _The New 
     Dictionary of Theology_ Wilmington, DE: Michael Glazier, 
     1987--BR/95/N38.
 
Malloch, James M. Compiler. _A Practical Church Dictionary_ 
     Ed. by Kay Smallzreid, NY: Morehouse-Barlow, 1964 
     BR/95/M37.

_New Catholic Encyclopedia_ Prepared  by ed. staff of Catholic 
     U.  of America. NY: McGraw-Hill /Washington DC: Publishers' 
     Guild, 1967--BX/841/N44.

Retief, Andre. ed. _The Catholic Spirit_ Trans. from French by 
     Aldheim Dean. NY: Hawthorn Books, 1963--BX/1751.2/R453.

Singer, Isidore  Adler, Cyrus. eds. _The Jewish Encyclopedia_ 
     NY: Publishing House, (n.d.)--DS/102.8/J65.

Werblowski, R.J. Zwi  Wigoder, Geoffrey. eds. _The Encyclopedia 
     of theJewish Religion_ NY: Holt, Rinehart  Winston, 1966
     --BM/50/W45.

CYBERSOURCES

Bible History Links Page. 2001. Bible History on Line.  
       http://www.bible-history.com

Easton Bible Reference. Public Domain. M.G. Easton M.A. D.D., 
       _Illustrated Bible Dictionary._ 3rd. Ed. 1897. Thomas 
       Nelson. http://www.studylight.org/dic/ebd/       

Jewish Bible Reference. Navigating the Bible. 2000 World ORT. 
       http://bible.ort.org/books/glosd1.asp 

_New Advent Catholic Encyclopedia._ 2000. Kevin Knight. 
       http://newadvent.org/cathen/

WEB BIBLE ENCYCLOPEDIA. 2000-2007  Eden Communications.                         
       http://www.christiananswers.net/dictionary/home.html

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